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analyst75

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fasvinating insight well don!!

12 hours ago, analyst75 said:

Stellar (XLM) Bounces, Uptrend Uncertain

Key Resistance Levels: $0.09, $0.10, $0.11
Key Support Levels: $0.06, $0.05,$0.04

XLM/USD Long-term Trend: Ranging
Today, Stellar is making a positive move to come out of the oversold region. On December 17, the coin fell to the low $0.042 but has risen to a high of $0.050. The price movement had been rather slow because of indecision candlesticks. The market has been characterized by small body candlesticks like spinning tops and Doji candlesticks which have been responsible for the consolidation.

XLM/USD - Daily Chart

Daily Chart Indicators Reading:
In its upward move, the bulls have broken above the 21-day SMA. XLM is likely to rise if the bulls break above 50-day SMA. The coin will rise if the price bars are above the SMAs. The MACD line and the signal line are below the zero line which indicates a sell signal.
.

XLM/USD Medium-term bias: Bullish
On the 4 hour chart, Stellar bounces at the bottom of the chart. The coin is making a series of higher highs and higher lows. Stellar is facing resistance at $0.050 price level. A break above $0.050 will catapult the coin to a high of $0.052.

XLM/USD - 4 Hour Chart

4-hour Chart Indicators Reading
Stellar is in a bullish momentum as it trades above 40% range of the daily stochastic. The bullish momentum is fluctuating. On the ascending channel, if price breaks above the resistance line and closes, the stellar will be in an upward move. Conversely, a break below the support will attract selling pressure.

General Outlook for Stellar
Stellar is still in a bear market. To come out of the downtrend zone, the bulls have to break the resistance at $0.060. Meanwhile, the Fibonacci tool indicates that XLM ought to have reversed at the 1.272 extension level. Nonetheless, the selling pressure of Stellar has been overdone. Buyers ought to emerge as the coin is oversold.

Stellar Trade Signal
Instrument: XLM/USD
Order: Buy
Entry price: $0.050
Stop: $0.042
Target: $0.06

Source: https://learn2.trade 

living the dream?

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On 11/4/2019 at 9:10 AM, analyst75 said:

FTX Crypto Derivatives Exchange: The New Trend In Future Options Trading

 

With a growing demand for crypto derivatives trading, new crypto derivatives exchange platforms are now emerging. Derivatives trading, account for more than half of 24-hour trading volumes recorded. The new chip on the block is FTX, crypto derivatives exchange from FTX trading ltd, a company based in Antigua and Barbuda.

 

More on FTX

FTX crypto offerings consist of futures, FTT token which is leveraged and OTC trading. It has created a niche for itself by its leveraged token and trading indices. Though quite new, trades recorded on it may not have been substantial, but analysts believe with the variety of crypto offerings it’s giving, it may soon witness phenomenal growth.

 

Recently, FTX brought on board its trading indices, eight well-known cryptocurrencies that are China-linked. These are BTM, IOST, NEO, NULS, ONT, QTUM, TRX, and VET.

 

FTX has also built a name for itself in China despite china’s anti-crypto stance. The coins will be available to traders as a perpetual futures contract while providing a leverage time value of more than a hundred.

 

Listed on its platform for futures trading are major cryptocurrencies and index coins like Bitcoin(BTC), Ethereum(ETH), Litecoin (LTC), Ripple(XRP), Altcoin Index, Midcap Index, Shitcoin Index, and Exchange Token Index.

 

FTX Features

FTX gives you ‘leverage’ on your capital with its leverage time value of more than a hundred.

 

Its futures contract has a time tenure of the current quarter, next quarter and a perpetual future(DRGN-PERP).

 

FTX futures are Stablecoins-settled so this allows you to make deposits with Stablecoins while capturing your profit and loss(PNL) also. Thus, no need for bank account linkage.

 

Flexible collateral which may be Stablecoins or fiat currency.

 

No deposit or withdrawal fee.

 

Low trading fees that target the high volume user.

 

Bonus for sign up through referrals for its users.

 

Being backed by Alameda Research, a top cryptocurrency liquidity provider, FTX has access to top order books.

 

Various payment methods in the form of deposits like TUSD, USDC, PAX, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, Tether, Stablecoins and others which are FTX recognized are accepted on its platform.

 

FTX index futures contracts are the first of its kind.

 

FTX also offers its users the ability to activate 2 Factor Authentication (2FA) using Authy or Google Authenticator.

 

FTT: FTX Leveraged Tokens

Its Leveraged Tokens are ERC20 tokens that help users manage risk while reinvesting profits back into the asset being traded.

 

Is FTX Legit?

Not much can be said as regards this since it is still new but there have not been any regulatory violations or theft cases since its inception. However, details about the FTX method of storage of user funds are relatively unknown.

 

FTX Verification

The need for verification may arise for withdrawals above a thousand USD and for users who wish to increase their withdrawal limits. For this, an identity proof document with proof of address, ID document, the scanned front and back with a picture tagged “FTX” and date may be required.

 

Ending

FTX Exchange has created a niche for itself although it is advised for users to use the online tool and learn more to make the best choice of any trading tool or exchange.

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

 

loving the dream>

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On 9/15/2019 at 12:58 PM, analyst75 said:

Facebook’s Libra To Apply For Licence In Switzerland

 

Swiss financial regulators have signaled that Facebook’s cryptocurrency, Libra is mandated to meet up to extra requirements besides acquiring a payment system license before they can begin operations in the region.

 

In a recent press release, the Swiss Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA) explained that the diverse services projected by Libra have created the need for adding the requirements being imposed. They stated that due to the issuance of payment tokens by Libra, the operations planned by Libra would clearly exceed those of a pure payment system and therefore should be subjected to such extra requirements.

 

The Extra Regulatory Requirements

According to FINMA, the extra requirements would be targeted specifically at liquidity, risk concentration and capital allocation.

 

The financial regulators of Switzerland have also noted that the management of Libra is another element necessitating the demand for Facebook to meet extra requirements concerning its cryptocurrency initiative.

 

In the launch of the Libra white paper in June, Facebook noted that the reserve would be controlled by a web of custodians who would be spread across different geographies. The so-called custodians will be mandated to possess an investment-grade credit rating.

 

Also, Facebook noted that the real assets used to back the Libra cryptocurrency would be a selection of low-risk assets such as bank deposits and government securities.

 

What Form Will these Extra Libra requirements take?

 

According to FINMA, the extra regulatory requirements that Libra would have to meet would be nothing different from what other participants in the financial markets have to adhere to.

 

For example, Libra would be expected to be exposed to certain bank-like rules such as a large simultaneous number of withdrawals of Libra coin by users would have to be palliated by the application of certain bank-like regulatory requirements. This means that Facebook would be required to obtain a banking license. This idea has been pushed for in the past by U.S. President, Donald Trump.

 

FINMA also mentioned that Libra’s international range will mandate a globally coordinated approach. This new development would drastically delay the launch of the cryptocurrency.

 

U.S. Pressures Switzerland over Libra Cryptocurrency

Switzerland is under intense pressure from the United States to ensure that its cryptocurrency regulations are not prone to misuse. Facebook chose the Central European nation as its hub because of the country’s progressiveness towards FinTech.

 

According to a report by the Wall Street Journal, officials from Switzerland and U.S. Held a meeting in Switzerland earlier this week, where they discussed matters surrounding the new cryptocurrencies regulations.

 

The U.S Undersecretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, Sigal Mandelker, emphasized his concerns over the need to have regulations strong enough to fend off bad actors. He mandated that the Swiss handle these concerns with all importance.

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

 

trading forex gives good profits!

Edited by mitsubishi
needing further clarification

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On 8/24/2019 at 3:37 PM, analyst75 said:

Near Term Outlook Unchanged as AUDUSD Trades Weaker

 

AUDUSD Price Analysis – August 22

The Aussie is holding weaker so far with the yuan softer on the day on a softer note for the equities and treasury yields. However, yuan has a relative effect on USD as the PBOC fixed the yuan weaker again today, reaffirming the notion that they will allow the currency to weaken but not too quickly.

 

Key Levels

Resistance Levels: 0.7205, 0.7085, 0.6827

Support Levels: 0.6748, 0.6676, 0.6620

 

AUDUSD Long term Trend: Bearish

But as seen in the daily picture above, the near-term picture in AUDUSD remains unchanged despite the pair slipping to session lows on the level at 0.6748 currently. Both buyers and sellers have more work to do to gain more momentum to push prices out of the downward range since last week.

 

While the forex pair is experiencing a stall, this could just be a correction, as both the medium and long-term trends are still bearish.

 

AUDUSD Short term Trend: Ranging

However, AUDUSD needs to break the monthly support zone on the level at 0.6676, which is currently providing support for the momentum on the pair at the level at 0.6748.

 

The currency exchange rate will most likely continue to trade downward and flat for today waiting for the required volatility to change the direction.

 

 

One of the best forex predictions ever produced by anyone ever on this planet -period

Good profits can be made in FOREX

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Your All-Round Guide To Security Token Offerings

Security token offerings (STOs) are one of the most revered investment options in the crypto space at the moment. It has even been termed the “future of fundraising”.

But what exactly are STOs and what is the rave all about?

This article aims to break down STOs, what it is all about, and how it can be beneficial to you.

What Exactly is a Security Token Offering?
STOs, simply put, provide a means of tokenizing fungible financial assets such as stocks, bonds, and REITs, and introduces the tokens to the public through regulated channels.

STOs are a lot like ICOs as they generally involve the same processes. However, the differentiating factor between STOs and ICOs is in the tokens being sold. With ICOs, the tokens are usually non-descriptive and could range from anything digital currencies to utility tokens. With STOs however, the token is a “security”, meaning that it is exchangeable and possesses a set monetary value.

STO-1.png

Breakdown of Security Tokens
Security tokens function as digital versions of the assets they represent. Here’s a list of some popular security token representations:

1- Capital markets: Firms can convert their shares into tokens, allowing investors to own parts of the firm. In some cases, owners of tokens receive dividends and can execute votes on the affairs of the firm.

2- Equity funds: Equity funds can also tokenize their shares for sale.

3- Commodities: Commodities like gold, natural gas, coffee can be tokenized.

4- Real estate: The equity of this asset class can be tokenized, much like how REITs function.

STOs do not change the underlying securities, instead, it makes these assets more readily accessible on a digital platform.

Unlike other digital assets, security tokens can only be traded on certain regulated exchanges. Some exchanges require interested investors to meet some set qualifications.

Advantages of STOs
STOs are formulated with regulatory-compliance in mind, unlike ordinary token sales. Security tokens provide its owners with several legally binding rights. Some security tokens even bestow its owners with rights to dividends or other defined streams of income.

Security tokens are also beneficial to their issuers. From the onset, the entities issuing the tokens are aware that their tokens are being purchased by accredited and verified investors and so, they don’t have to worry about the credibility of their investors.

Other advantages of STOs include:

1- It is adequately regulated: Entities issuing security tokens must operate under the guidance of designated regulatory agencies in the region like SECs and FTCs.

2- You can rest assured that STOs won’t falter in the future: Unlike ICOs that cannot be guaranteed, STOs are sure to always deliver because it is properly regulated.

3- STOs offer great convenience: Procuring security tokens is easy, straightforward, and stress-free. All you need to do is to adhere to the STO requirement in your jurisdiction and you’re good to go.

4- It can be programmed: Security tokens are programmable and can be facilitated by smart contracts.

5- Automated dividend disbursement and voting: Some security tokens are structured to send dividends automatically through smart contracts. Also, some security tokens provide the bearer with exclusive voting rights in the affairs of the entity offering the tokens.

6- It is a globally accessible investment vehicle: Investors across the globe can procure security tokens regardless of their location.

7- It is not susceptible to manipulation: Considering the mode of operation STOs are run by, big players cannot manipulate its movements.

8- STOs are very liquid: It is a very promising investment option as it has an impressive liquidity quality and can be traded easily.

With benefits like these, STOs are for sure transforming the fundamentals of the financial sphere.

Disadvantages of STOs
As with every other form of investment, security tokens has its limitations and shortcomings. Some of these limits are:

1- It is considerably more costly than utility tokens: STOs, unlike ICOs, hosts many organizations in their fundraising campaigns. Also, regulatory fees are not cheap which makes it more capital-intensive to host STOs.

2- Investor Qualifications: Countries like the US have certain qualifications an investor has to scale before becoming eligible to engage STOs. According to the SEC to be an “Accredited investor”, you must have an annual income rate of $200k and above or a minimum of $1 million in the bank.

3- Specific trading conditions: STOs can only be traded on certain designated exchanges. Also, these tokens are time-bound meaning that you are allowed to trade these tokens between investors for a set period after the STO.

The Howey Test
Usually, tokens are said to be securities, by law, when they pass certain thresholds. One such way to identify a security instrument is by applying the “Howey Test”.

But first, let’s look at a piece of quick background information on how the Howey test came to be. In 1944, a citrus plantation called the Howey company of Florida leased out a large portion of its land to several investors in a bid to raise funds for much-needed developments.

The buyers of the land were not skilled or versed in citrus farming in any way and decided instead to just be “speculators” and let the experts do their jobs. The lease was made on the premise that profits would be generated for the investors by the lessor.

SEC-sto.png

Not long after the business transaction the Howey company was sanctioned and accused by the United States SEC of failing to register the sale with the authority. The SEC maintained that the company was dealing with unregistered security. Howey denied the claims however, assuring that what it offered wasn’t a security.

After much debate, the case ended up in the Supreme Court, which later ruled in favor of the SEC that Howey’s land leasing were undoubtedly securities. It remarked that investors were purchasing land mainly because they saw an opportunity to make a profit off the deal. Howey was then ordered to register the sale.

This was the story of the enactment of the Howey test.

Today, per the Howey test, anything is deemed to be a security if it satisfies the following criteria:

1- The investment included money.

2- The investment was made on an enterprise.

3- Profit will be made from the efforts of the providers of the investment.

The Howey test has become a stronghold name in the crypto space. In 2017 and 2018 (during the “Heydey boom”), many ICO providers were completely consumed with scaling the Howey test as it was a major determinant used in ascertaining the legality of an ICO by the SEC. Failure to pass the test meant the offering was illegal and was sanctioned by the authorities.

Some ICOs even advertised their tokens as investment instruments that had no value, describing their tokens as “utilities” used only for interactions on the platform.

The Inception of STOs
The very first STO was released by Blockchain Capital on the 10th of April 2017. The release pooled about $10 million in one day.

Several STOs have been released following the first event including tZero, Sharespost, Aspen Coin, Quadrant Biosciences, and many more. STOs have since gained widespread acceptance and relevance in today’s market.

Understanding the Distinction Between Security Tokens and Tokenized Security
Confusing security token for tokenized securities is a common trap that people fall into. The main distinction between the two is that the former is usually a recently issued token that functions on a distributed ledger system while the latter is just a digital manifestation of pre-existing financial instruments.

Apart from similarities in appearance and nomenclature, security tokens have absolutely nothing in common with tokenized securities.

What Entities are Involved in an STO Issuance?
Assuming a business entity plans on issuing security tokens as an embodiment of equity in its establishment, the next necessary step for that business would be to involve certain players and follow certain directives.

It has to formally contact an issuance platform to serve as a medium for issuing the tokens. Popular issuance platforms include Polymath and Harbor, which consist of service providers like custodians, broker-dealers, and legal entities to carry out secure processes.

Who Can Invest in STOs?
STOs are available to the general public for the taking, regardless of location. However, as mentioned previously, the US has certain rules guiding STO investments.

In the US, it is mandatory to be an “accredited investor” before you can invest in this instrument. An accredited investor is an individual with an annual cash flow of $200k and above for at least 2 years or a net worth of $1 million and above.

More nations are starting to adopt the United States’ classification method and have begun restricting certain classes from investing in STOs.

It is advisable to always research on the STO rules and regulations of the jurisdiction you’re planning on investing with.

Final Word
STOs provide businesses with the prospect of raising funds in an easy and regulated setting. It gives both investors and issuers a good deal of benefits, while also ensuring insurances against fraudulent or malicious practices, unlike ICOs. Issuers are not limited to any industry, they can vary from several sectors including real estate, VC firms, and small and medium enterprises.

Moving forward, we will likely witness prominent firms venture into the STOs.

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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Bitcoin: Upcoming Halving And What To Expect

Bitcoin’s upcoming halving will be one of the most followed crypto-related occasions in the year 2020. Thousands of cryptocurrency enthusiasts will be observing the markets eagerly to witness what effect this year’s halving will have on the cryptocurrency.

Many believe that the occasion would have a positive effect on BTC’s price as has been observed in the past.

On the other hand, some are expecting the price to drop dramatically after the occasion.

Whatever the result may be, it is apparent that this occasion will be a defining juncture for Bitcoin.

In this review, we breakdown what the Bitcoin halving is all about, some effects of this occasion, historic occurrences, and what to anticipate from this year’s halving occurrence.

Bitcoin was built on a system that mandates regular halving (also known as Halvenings) to sustain its value. The halvings are programmed to happen every 4 years. Already, Bitcoin has witnessed two halving processes, the first in 2012, and the other in 2016. The next halving process is scheduled for the 20th of May 2020.

Bitcoin’s Value Preserving Strategy
Bitcoin runs on a deflationary economic model which ensures that over time, lesser and lesser Bitcoin tokens will be created until finally, the creation of new Bitcoin tokens will end.

BTC’s total supply is capped at 21 million, meaning that it is impossible to have more than that exact number of Bitcoin token in circulation at any point in time. It has been estimated that the very last Bitcoin token will be mined in the year 2140.

Bitcoin’s deflationary model predisposes it to scarcity which increases in demand, thereby causing its value to increase as well.

This model is different from traditional fiat which is based on an inflationary model, this means that banks can instruct for the printing of more banknotes at will. This is not an ideal practice per se as a boost in the volume of banknotes in circulation could result in the devaluation of that currency.

Bitcoin-Block-Reward.png

Bitcoin’s “Block Reward” System
New Bitcoin tokens are pumped into the market through a popular process known as cryptocurrency “mining”. Bitcoin miners get rewarded with a Bitcoin “block” allotment every time they successfully solve transactions. The blocks are allotted by the Bitcoin algorithm.

The block rewarding process happens every ten minutes. So in fact, ten minutes from this moment, new Bitcoin tokens will be created.

Mining is not an easy process. It requires a certain level of expertise, specific hardware, and a serious quantity of electricity.

After the inception of Bitcoin, the first mining reward was fifty Bitcoin. This meant that every ten minutes, a Bitcoin miner received fifty Bitcoin tokens for solving transactions.

That number has since been halved, twice, and is now at 12.5 Bitcoin token per block reward. By May this year, the halving will bring that figure down to 6.25 Bitcoin token per block reward.

This feature has been pre-programmed into Bitcoin’s system.

What This Could Mean for Mining
Lesser block rewards are not the only reason Bitcoin is scarce. It has gotten significantly harder to mine Bitcoin and receive rewards. This is because mining is now more difficult as more miners are entering the system thereby increasing competition.

Consequently, an increase in competition means miners require more sophisticated tools to solve cryptographic Algos.

Over the years, miners have created what is known as “mining pools” to better handle the rising competition of mining. Mining pools are a network of miners, collectively working towards achieving block rewards.

Block rewards in mining pools are distributed according to the percentage of effort put into earning a block.

Improved Stock-To-Flow Ratio
Halvings have several profitable impacts on Bitcoin. One such effect is that it boosts the Stock-To-Flow ratio of Bitcoin.

A commodity’s STF ratio is calculated by dividing the quantity of the asset held in reserves, by the quantity manufactured in a year. The greater the STF ratio, the lesser the annual inflation on that asset.

Commodities like gold possess a very impressive STF ratio as its available quantity is limited.

Presently, Bitcoin has a significantly lesser STF ratio, unlike gold. Regardless, more halving occasions will boost the Bitcoin’s STF ratio. It is even believed that someday, Bitcoin will surpass gold in the STF ratio rating and will be an even better store of value. This is probably why Bitcoin is dubbed “digital gold”.

After-Effects of Previous Halvenings
2012’s Halving
The first Bitcoin halving happened on the 28th of November. On that day, the cryptocurrency recorded a 6.5% trade range.

Regardless, to the surprise of many, the price remained at a consolidated state months after the occasion. This was partly because Bitcoin was still in its infancy and so, not many people were engaged with it. Also, media coverage at the time was not what it is today, which means many people were not informed of what was going on.

Halving-Effect.png

Based on the information on Bitcoin’s BNC Liquid Index, the price of BTC attained a high of about $32 on the 8th of June 2011.

The price of BTC never broke above the $32 mark until the 28th of February 2013 (4 months later), where price witnessed a climb to $260 after which a drop was experienced and the price stayed below that level for several months.

Fast forward to the 30th of November 2013 (close to a year after the 2012 halving), Bitcoin rallied dramatically and peaked at $1,167, which was a whopping 9,686% increase from the initial price of $11 on halving.

2016’s Halving
On the 9th of July 2016, the second halving, the price peaked at $664 but did not maintain that uptrend instead fell to $626 on the same day.
Subsequently, the price continued on that downward trajectory for about three months.

However, things started looking up for Bitcoin from the 27th of October 2016 when price closed above the previous halving’s high of $664.

Bitcoin later proceeded to smash its last all-time high of $1,167 on the 23rd of February 2017. This spike started the famous bull rally of 2017 through 2018, which witnessed a peak at $20,000 sometime in December 2017.

2016’s halving shot Bitcoin’s price from $664 to $20,000 which was a growth of 2,912%.

Possible Outcomes of this Year’s Halving?
In the crypto sector, the Bitcoin halving is undoubtedly among the most talked-about and anticipated occasions of the year.

Presently, there are mixed expectations as to what the outcome of the 2020 halving may be.

Many in the crypto sector are very optimistic and believe that, just as in the past, the price will soar dramatically either before or after the occasion.

Creator of Kraken, Jesse Powell expects the price of Bitcoin to rise close to $100k or 1 million after the halving.

The CTO of Morgan Creek Digital Assets also shares the belief of Jesse and expects Bitcoin to reach the $100,000 mark by 2021. He says that scarcity is a driving force for the demand of any commodity. He explains that the 2020 halving will cause Bitcoin to be more scarce.

Other crypto players believe that this year’s occasion will not have a similar trajectory with past occasions and would, instead, mar the price of Bitcoin.

Another possible scenario that has been observed over time is the “buy and dump” case. This scenario usually plays out when there is a highly anticipated occurrence. It works exceptionally well when the upcoming occasion is sure to have a quantifiable effect on supply and demand dynamics.

The price of the asset in question experiences a huge spike just days or a few weeks to the main event. This transpires because investors stock up on the asset towards the event. After the event, however, the price of the said asset drops significantly.

This kind of activity has transpired frequently in the cryptocurrency space. One such occasion was the Bitcoin futures trading releases for the CBOE and CME.

Just a few days to the CME’s release, the price of Bitcoin rallied from $6,400 and peaked close to its all-time high of $20,000 in a day. Not surprisingly, the price dropped considerably in the period that followed those releases.

Furthermore, some cryptocurrency experts believe that the aftermath of the halving has already been priced in. It has been observed that demand is “missing” in the Bitcoin market, this could be a clear indication that the halving has been priced in.

Usually, months before a halving, a boost in demand and price of Bitcoin is always noticeable. This time, however, no increase can be observed in neither of the stated areas.

In this case, it could lead to a lateral trading period which might be a good thing for traders.

At the moment, Bitcoin is still struggling to break above the $7,200 mark and there are no signs of a reversal happening soon.

Whatever the result may be one thing is for sure, the price of Bitcoin is set to experience drastic changes this year.

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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On 1/23/2020 at 3:10 AM, analyst75 said:

B

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

 

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

Source: https://learn2.trade 

MIGHT AS WELL BE CHINESE-nobody will read aytthing longer than one sentence here

 

 

Edited by mitsubishi

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On 1/23/2020 at 2:50 AM, analyst75 said:

Your All-Round Guide To..

..GOOD PROFITS IN FOREX

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

THIS IS MUCH BETTER. I THOIUGHT IT WAS CLEAR CONSICE one of the best articles you've ever ...crazycarcrash will love this post.

Just one suggestion..

Always add..'you need to make good risk management systems and disciplines.' (I;m paraphrasing his lousy english) This fattens out the contribution to match crazy's incredible prolific insight in good forex priofits.

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ANALAYST 75..LIKE A PLAGUE..

hird plague pandemic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
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For another third round of a pandemic, see Third cholera pandemic.
220px-Man_being_injected_by_doctor%2C_du
 
Plague patient being injected by a doctor 1897 in Karachi.
220px-Picture_of_Manchurian_Plague_victi
 
Picture of Manchurian plague victims in 1910–1911

Third Pandemic is the designation of a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan province in China in 1855, fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty.[1] This episode of bubonic plague spread to all inhabited continents, and ultimately more than 12 million people died in India and China, with about 10 million killed in India alone.[2] According to the World Health Organization, the pandemic was considered active until 1960, when worldwide casualties dropped to 200 per year.[3]

The name refers to this pandemic being the third major bubonic plague outbreak to affect European society. The first was the Plague of Justinian, which ravaged the Byzantine Empire and surrounding areas in 541 and 542. The second was the Black Death, which killed at least one third of Europe's population in a series of expanding waves of infection from 1346 to 1353.[4]

Casualty patterns indicate that waves of this late-19th-century/early-20th-century pandemic may have been from two different sources. The first was primarily bubonic and was carried around the world through ocean-going trade, through transporting infected persons, rats, and cargoes harboring fleas. The second, more virulent strain, was primarily pneumonic in character with a strong person-to-person contagion. This strain was largely confined to Asia, in particular Manchuria and Mongolia.

Pattern of the pandemic

The bubonic plague was endemic in populations of infected ground rodents in central Asia, and was a known cause of death among migrant and established human populations in that region for centuries. An influx of new people due to political conflicts and global trade led to the distribution of this disease throughout the world.

Origin in Yunnan Province of China

A natural reservoir or nidus for plague is located in western Yunnan and is an ongoing health risk today. The third pandemic of plague originated in this area after a rapid influx of Han Chinese to exploit the demand for minerals, primarily copper, in the latter half of the nineteenth century.[5] By 1850, the population had exploded to over 7 million people. Increasing transportation throughout the region brought people in contact with plague-infected fleas, the primary vector between the yellow-breasted rat (Rattus flavipectus) and humans. People brought the fleas and rats back into growing urban areas, where small outbreaks sometimes reached epidemic proportions. The plague spread further after disputes between Han Chinese and Hui Muslim miners in the early 1850s erupted into a violent uprising known as the Panthay rebellion, which led to further displacements (troop movements and refugee migrations). The outbreak of the plague helped recruit people into the Taiping Rebellion. In the latter half of the nineteenth century the plague began to appear in Guangxi and Guangdong provinces, Hainan Island, and later the Pearl River delta including Canton and Hong Kong. While William McNeil and others thought that the plague was brought from the interior to the coastal regions by troops returning from battles against the Muslim rebels, Benedict suggests that the evidence favors the growing and lucrative opium trade that began after about 1840.[5]

In the city of Canton, beginning in March 1894, the disease killed 60,000 people in a few weeks. Daily water-traffic with the nearby city of Hong Kong rapidly spread the plague. Within two months, after 100,000 deaths, the death rates dropped below epidemic rates, although the disease continued to be endemic in Hong Kong until 1929.[6]

Political impact in colonial India

175px-Directions_for_searchers%2C_Pune_p
 
Directions for searchers, Pune plague of 1897

The plague, which was brought from Hong Kong to British India, killed about 10 million in India,[7]it later also killed another 12.5 million in the British colony India in the next following thirty years. Almost all cases were bubonic, with only a very small percentage changing to pneumonic plague. (Orent, p. 185) The disease was initially seen in port cities, beginning with Bombay (now Mumbai), but later emerged in Pune, Kolkata, and Karachi (now in Pakistan). By 1899, the outbreak spread to smaller communities and rural areas in many regions of India. Overall, the impact of plague epidemics was greatest in western and northern India—in the provinces then designated as Bombay, Punjab, and the United Provinces—while eastern and southern India were not as badly affected.

The colonial government's measures to control the disease included quarantine, isolation camps, travel restrictions and the exclusion of India's traditional medical practices. Restrictions on the populations of the coastal cities were established by Special Plague Committees with overreaching powers, and enforced by the British military. Indians found these measures culturally intrusive and, in general, repressive and tyrannical. Government strategies of plague control underwent significant changes during 1898–1899. By that time, it was apparent that the use of force in enforcing plague regulations was proving counter-productive and, now that the plague had spread to rural areas, enforcement in larger geographic areas would be impossible. At this time, British health officials began to press for widespread vaccination using Waldemar Haffkine’s plague vaccine, although the government stressed that inoculation was not compulsory. British authorities also authorized the inclusion of practitioners of indigenous systems of medicine into plague prevention programs.

Repressive government actions to control the plague led the Pune nationalists to criticise the government publicly. On 22 June 1897, the Chapekar brothers, young Pune Hindus, shot and killed Walter Charles Rand, an Indian Civil Services officer acting as Pune Special Plague Committee chairman, and his military escort, Lieutenant Ayerst. The action of the Chapekars was seen as terrorism.[8] The government also found the nationalist press guilty of incitement. Independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak was charged with sedition for his writings as editor of the Kesari newspaper. He was sentenced to eighteen months rigorous imprisonment.

Public reaction to the health measures enacted by the British Indian state ultimately revealed the political constraints of medical intervention in the country. These experiences were formative in the development of India's modern public health services.[citation needed]

Global distribution

The network of global shipping ensured the widespread distribution of the disease over the next few decades.[9][10][11] Recorded outbreaks include:

Each of these areas, as well as Great Britain, France, and other areas of Europe, continued to experience plague outbreaks and casualties until the 1960s. The last significant outbreak of plague associated with the pandemic occurred in Peru and Argentina in 1945.

The 1894 Hong Kong plague

The 1894 Hong Kong plague was a major outbreak of the third pandemic in the world from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. In May 1894, the first case occurred in Hong Kong. The patient was a national hospital clerk and was discovered by Dr. Yu Xun, the dean of the National Hospital, who had just returned from Guangzhou. When the Chinese-style buildings were built, the Taiping Mountain area in Sheung Wan, the most densely populated area in Hong Kong, became the hardest hit area of the epidemic. Controlling the epidemic naturally became the top priority of the Governor of Hong Kong. From May to October 1894, the plague in Hong Kong killed more than 2,000 people and one-third of the population fled Hong Kong. In the 30 years after 1926, the plague occurred in Hong Kong almost every year, killing more than 20,000 people. Through the maritime traffic in Hong Kong, the plague epidemic originating in Yunnan, China, spread to all parts of the country after 1894 and eventually spread to all continents where humans live.[citation needed]

There were several reasons for the rapid outbreak and rapid spread of the plague. First, in the early days of Kailuan, Sheung Wan was a Chinese settlement. It is located in the mountains. The design of the houses there included no drainage channels, toilets or running water. Intensive buildings and a lack of floor tiles were also weaknesses in housing design at the time. Secondly, during the Ching Ming Festival in 1894, many Chinese living in Hong Kong returned to the countryside to sweep the graves, which coincided with the outbreak of the epidemic in Guangzhou and the introduction of bacteria into Hong Kong. In addition, in the first four months of 1894, rainfall decreased and soil dried up, accelerating the spread of the plague.[19]

The measures[which?] mainly included three aspects: setting up plague hospitals and deploying medical staff to treat and isolate plague patients; conducting house-to-house search operations, discovering and transferring plague patients, and cleaning and disinfecting infected houses and areas; and setting up designated cemeteries and assigning a person responsible for transporting and burying the plague dead.[20]

Disease research

Researchers working in Asia during the "Third Pandemic" identified plague vectors and the plague bacillus. In 1894, in Hong Kong, Swiss-born French bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin isolated the responsible bacterium (Yersinia pestis, named for Yersin) and determined the common mode of transmission. His discoveries led in time to modern treatment methods, including insecticides, the use of antibiotics and eventually plague vaccines. In 1898, French researcher Paul-Louis Simond demonstrated the role of fleas as a vector.

The disease is caused by a bacterium usually transmitted by the bite of fleas from an infected host, often a black rat. The bacteria are transferred from the blood of infected rats to the rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopsis). The bacillus multiplies in the stomach of the flea, blocking it. When the flea next bites a mammal, the consumed blood is regurgitated along with the bacillus into the bloodstream of the bitten animal. Any serious outbreak of plague in humans is preceded by an outbreak in the rodent population. During the outbreak, infected fleas that have lost their normal rodent hosts seek other sources of blood.

The British colonial government in India pressed medical researcher Waldemar Haffkine to develop a plague vaccine. After three months of persistent work with a limited staff, a form for human trials was ready. On January 10, 1897 Haffkine tested it on himself. After the initial test was reported to the authorities, volunteers at the Byculla jail were used in a control test, all inoculated prisoners survived the epidemics, while seven inmates of the control group died. By the turn of the century, the number of inoculees in India alone reached four million. Haffkine was appointed the Director of the Plague Laboratory (now called Haffkine Institute) in Bombay.[21]

See also

References

  1.  
  1. Hanhart, Joel (2016). Waldemar Mordekhaï Haffkine (1860–1930). Biographie intellectuelle. Paris: Honore Champion.

Further reading

  • 12px-Commons-logo.svg.png Media related to Plague, third pandemic at Wikimedia Commons
  • Advisory Committee for Plague Investigations in India (1911), Report On Plague Investigations In India, 1906–1910
  • Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, The Promised Messiah. Noah’s Ark: An Invitation to Faith.
  • Gandhi, M. K. The Plague Panic in South Africa
  • Gregg, Charles. Plague: An Ancients Disease in the Twentieth Century. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 1985.
  • Kelly, John. The Great Mortality: An Intimate History of the Black Death, the Most Devastating Plague of All Time. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2005. ISBN 0-06-000692-7.
  • McNeill, William H. Plagues and People. New York: Anchor Books, 1976. ISBN 0-385-12122-9.
  • Orent, Wendy. Plague: The Mysterious Past and Terrifying Future of the World's Most Dangerous Disease. New York: Free Press, 2004. ISBN 0-7432-3685-8.

External links

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Profit calculator

Before entering a trade, it makes sense that you would want to know what you stand to gain or lose from it. FXTM’s Profit Calculator is a simple tool that will help you determine a trade’s outcome and decide if it is favorable. You can also set different bid and ask prices and compare the results.

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  1. Pick the currency pair you wish to trade
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Currency pair:


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Open price:

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Trade size (lots):

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Main Currencies
Instrument Rate
CHFJPY 113.090
EURCHF 1.12996
EURGBP 0.88371
EURJPY 127.946
EURUSD 1.13336
GBPCHF 1.27633
GBPJPY 144.670
GBPUSD 1.28048
USDCAD 1.32279
USDCHF 0.99691
USDJPY 112.947
XAGUSD 14.221
XAUUSD 1,222.46

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Bitcoin (BTC) Shows Strength, Sustains Hope On Uptrend

Key Resistance Zones: $10,000, $11,000, $12,000
Key Support Zones: $7, 000, $6, 000, $5,000

BTC/USD Long-term Trend: Ranging
After the rejection of  price at $9,200, the downward move was extended to a low of $8,250. Analysts were of the opinion that Bitcoin will bounce if price falls and tests the low of $8,250. From every indication, Bitcoin is making a solid upward move as the coin approaches the overhead resistance.

Our bullish expectation is that the price will break the resistances of $8,800 and $9,200. Then the same momentum will be extended to the $10,000 price level. However, the bears may want to put up a fight to defend the $9,200 resistance. If the bears defend successfully, Bitcoin will be compelled to a sideways move.

BTC/USD - Daily Chart

Daily Chart Indicators Reading:
The 21-day SMA and the 50-day SMA are pointing northward indicating the upward move. The 21-day SMA acts as a support to Bitcoin. Meanwhile, MACD provides a buy signal for Bitcoin as the MACD line and the signal are above the zero lines.

BTC/USD Medium-term Trend: Bullish
On the 4-hour chart, the price breaks the support line of the horizontal channel. Later Bitcoin finds support at $8,250 low. The $8,250 low was well supported by the bulls as the coin makes a bullish move. The price is approaching the resistance at $8,800. If successful above $8,800, the price will rally above $9,200.

BTC/USD - 4 Hour Chart

4-hour Chart Indicators Reading
Bitcoin has risen to level 66 of the daily Relative Strength Index period 14. This signifies that the coin is in a bullish trend zone. However, if the RSI rises above level 70, Bitcoin will be said to have reached the overbought region of the market. Then we may experience a fall in BTC price.

General Outlook for Bitcoin (BTC)
The upward move in the last 24 hours is a positive development as Bitcoin bounces at a low of $8,250. All the indicators are in the positive direction of the coin. However, the RSI is level 68 indicating that the coin is approaching the overbought region. In other words, the upward move may soon be interrupted. After a retracement, the coin will resume its upward move.

BTC Trade Signal
Instrument: BTC/USD
Order: Buy
Entry price: $8,738
Stop: $8,500
Target: $9,200

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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GBPUSD Retreats Beneath The Level At 1.31 Amid Greenback’s Resilience

GBPUSD Price Analysis – January 26

GBPUSD is trading beneath the 1.31 level after reaching a new high of 1.3172, as the dollar’s resilience did not allow the pair to gain momentum. The US dollar is gaining strength in all directions.

Key Levels
Resistance Levels: 1.3600, 1.3514, 1.3280
Support Levels: 1.3000, 1.2582, 1.1958

GBPUSD-Daily-Jan-26.png

GBPUSD Long term Trend: Bullish

GBPUSD recently recovered to the level of 1.3172 but has since lost momentum. This week’s initial bias is neutral. On the other hand, in the past, the level of 1.3172 may give way to the resistance level of 1.3280.

A breakdown there may approach the test at 1.3514 level. On the other hand, beneath the level of 1.3050, repeated testing of the recovery part of the level of 1.1958 to 1.3514 at 1.2900 levels may occur.

GBPUSD-4-hour-Jan-26.png

GBPUSD Short term Trend: Bullish

Estimated intraday bias in GBPUSD may initially become neutral with a temporary top already structured at 1.3172 level. Further growth is moderately favored, while the immediate support level of 1.3050 remains unchanged.

The Fx pair remains bullish, trading past the level of 1.3072, a critical barrier is found at levels of 1.3118 and 1.3172. Besides, the Fx pair remains bearish, trading past the 1.3050 level, critical support has been found at 1.3000 and 1.2970 level.

Note: Learn2Trade.com is not a financial advisor. Do your research before investing your funds in any financial asset or presented product or event. We are not responsible for your investing results.

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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XAUUSD Price Analysis – February 7

The increasing tension in the Coronavirus crisis could push gold upward, trying to reach the $ 1,575 level. The yellow metal strengthened despite stock market growth following the publication of economic data that exceeded expectations. However, the mood for assets at risk improved significantly as fears of coronavirus eased slightly.

Key Levels
Resistance Levels: $ 1625, $ 1595, $ 1580
Support Levels: $ 1550, $ 1540, $ 1517

XAUUSD-Daily-Feb-7.png

XAUUSD Long term Trend: Bullish

XAUUSD is trading in an uptrend after its main daily 5 and 13 moving averages. However, gold broke beneath the bear flag and then recovered slightly over the past three sessions.

The movement is unstable, which probably means that gold is about to consolidate. RSI has grown, but is in the middle of the neutral range and reflects consolidation.

XAUUSD-4-Hour-Feb-7.png

XAUUSD Short term Trend: Ranging

After the breakdown of the January bearish flag, the bears see the current upward move as a correction that will lead to another potential bearish leg. However, a clear break past the resistance level of 1575/80 should nullify the bearish bias and restore the bullish momentum in the market.

Bears expect a breakdown of the support level of $ 1,563 with a break below the level of $ 1,550 and a potential fall to the level of $ 1,540 in the short term.

Instrument: XAUUSD
Order: Buy
Entry price: $1,567.50
Stop: $ 1,550
Target: $1,585

 

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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Bitcoin (BTC) Bounces As Uptrend Gains Ground

Key Resistance Zones: $10,000, $11,000, $12,000
Key Support Zones: $7, 000, $6, 000, $5,000

BTC/USD Long-term Trend: Bullish
In the last 24 hours, the bulls have held on the price above $9,700. The positive upward move was as a result of the rebound on February 4. Previously the coin was range-bound between $9,200 and $9,600. Buyers bought at the low of $9,100 and have pushed the price to the top of the range.

The bears could not continue with the downward movement at a low of $9,100. Presently, the price at the top of the range is $9,777. Nevertheless, if the price breaks above this current range, the coin can rally above $10,300.

BTC/USD -Daily Chart

Daily Chart Indicators Reading:
Bitcoin is currently trading above $9,700 and it is above 80% range of the daily stochastic. This explains that Bitcoin is in the overbought region of the market. It also means that BTC is in a strong bullish momentum. Meanwhile, the price action has not shown any reversal candlesticks of Bitcoin. It also means that the upward move may likely continue.

BTC/USD Medium-term Trend: Bullish
On the 4-hour chart, BTC is in a smooth uptrend. In its first bullish move, it was resisted at $8,400. The price pulled back and continued the upward move. In its second bullish move, it was resisted at $9,200 and the coin fell to the support of the trend line. At this support, the coin rebounded and the momentum extended the high of $9,500. The upward move is continuing as the price reaches a high of $9,700.

BTC/USD - 4 Hour Chart

4-hour Chart Indicators Reading
On the Relative Strength Index period, 14 levels 70 indicate that the coin is nearing the overbought region. In the overbought region, there will be sellers that will push the coin downward. However, buyers may not be on hand to push the coin upward.

General Outlook for Bitcoin (BTC)
Bitcoin is now trading above $9,700 at the time of writing. As the market reaches the overbought region, the coin is likely to fall to the previous support. Alternatively, the market will continue to move in a sideways trend.

BTC Trade Signal
Instrument: BTC/USD
Order: Buy
Entry price: $9,777
Stop: $9,600
Target: $10,300

Source: https://learn2.trade 

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On 2/8/2020 at 2:45 AM, analyst75 said:

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

 

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

此外,一些加密货币专家认为,减半的后果已经被定价了。 据观察,需求在比特币市场上"缺失",这可能是一个明确的迹象表明减半已被定价。

通常情况下,在减半之前的几个月,比特币的需求和价格的提升总是明显的。 然而,这一次,在所述的两个地区都不能观察到任何增加。

在这种情况下,它可能会导致横向交易期,这可能是交易者的好事。

目前,比特币仍然在努力突破7,200大关,并且没有迹象表明即将发生逆转。

无论结果可能是一件事是肯定的,比特币的价格将在今年经历剧变。

Source: https://learn2.trade 

 

Rubbish looks somehow more beautiful in Russian

Edited by mitsubishi

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List of news television channels

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International news channels are 24-hour news television channels which cover international news updates on their newscast programmes. Most international news channels are broadcast on cable, satellite or the Internet, and many have diversified their staff by broadcasting to multiple large language markets. Like other means of news broadcasting, international news channels have become a fiercely competitive market. Many governments, for example, have established and funded international news channels in order to offer their perspective on events, often in competition against more established foreign or domestic competitors.

The following is a non-exhaustive list of news channels in alphabetical order regardless of language or country of origin.

General news channels

Network Country Owner(s)
(Ownership)
Availability Language(s)
ATN News Bangladesh Bangladesh Multimedia Production Company
(Private)
Nationwide Bengali
24 Horas Spain Spain RTVE
(Government)
Nationwide Spanish
3/24 Spain Spain CCMA
(Regional government)
Regional Catalan
Aaj Tak India India TV Today Network
(Private)
Nationwide
online
Hindi
ABC News Australia Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
English
Africanews Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Euronews SA (Private) International English, French
ABP Live India India ABP Group
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
English
ABP News India India ABP Group
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Hindi
ABP Ananda IndiaIndia ABP Group
(Private)
Regional Bengali
adn40 Mexico Mexico TV Azteca
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Spanish all news programs, English but one Saturday news program.
Al Jazeera Qatar Qatar Al Jazeera Media Network
(Government)
International Arabic
Al Jazeera Balkans Qatar Qatar Al Jazeera Media Network
(Government)
Multi-national (Balkans) Bosnian language, Croatian and Serbian
Al Jazeera English Qatar Qatar Al Jazeera Media Network
(Government)
International English
Al Jazeera Mubasher Al-‘Amma Qatar Qatar Al Jazeera Media Network
(Government)
International Arabic
Asianet News India India National
Cable, Online
  Malayalam Language
BBC Arabic Television United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC
(Government)
International Arabic
BBC News United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
English
BBC Parliament United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
English
BBC Persian Television United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC
(Government)
International Persian
BBC World News United Kingdom United Kingdom BBC
(Government)
International English
RTV SLO 3 Slovenia Slovenia RTV SLO 3
(Government)
Nationwide Slovene
Bernama TV Malaysia Malaysia     Malay, English
CBC News Network Canada Canada CBC
(Government)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV, online
English
CCTV-13 China China China Central Television
(Government)
Nationwide Chinese
CGTN (TV channel) China China China Central Television
(Government)
International English
CGTN America China China China Central Television
(Government)
International English
CGTN Africa China China China Central Television
(Government)
International English
CGTN Arabic China China China Central Television
(Government)
International Arabic
CGTN French China China China Central Television
(Government)
International French
CGTN Russian China China China Central Television
(Government)
International Russian
CGTN Spanish China China China Central Television
(Government)
International Spanish
Channel NewsAsia Singapore Singapore MediaCorp
(Government)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
English
ČT24 Czech Republic Czech Republic Česká televize
(Government)
Nationwide Czech
DD News India India Prasar Bharati
(Government)
Nationwide English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, Urdu
DW-TV Germany Germany DW-TV
(Government)
International German, English, French, Spanish, Arabic
Tagesschau24 Germany Germany ARD
(Government)
Nationwide German
Euronews Europe Europe Euronews SA
(Private)
International English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Ukrainian, Polish
France 24 France France France Médias Monde
(Government)
International French, English, Arabic, Spanish
France Info France France France Télévisions
(Government)
Nationwide French
NPO Nieuws Netherlands Netherlands NPO
(Government)
Nationwide Dutch
HRT 4 Croatia Croatia HRT
(Government)
Nationwide Croatian
IRINN Iran Iran IRIB
(Government)
Nationwide Persian
Press TV Iran Iran IRIB
(Government)
International English, French
HispanTV Iran Iran IRIB
(Government)
International Spanish
Al-Alam News Network Iran Iran IRIB
(Government)
International Arabic
Sahar TV Iran Iran IRIB
(Government)
International English, French, Arabic, Kurdish, Bosnian, Urdu (Sahar Universal Network also had programs in Russian and Turkish language. Those languages went off the air later.)
News World India India India     Hindi & English
NDTV 24x7 India India New Delhi Television Limited   English
Asahi Newstar 23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png Japan TV Asahi Nationwide Japanese
TBS News Bird 23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png Japan Tokyo Broadcasting System Nationwide Japanese
NHK World TV 23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png Japan NHK

(Government)

International English
Nile TV Egypt Egypt     English, French, Hebrew
YTN South Korea South Korea YTN
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Also available internationally
Korean
PTV News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu and English
Rai News 24 Italy Italy RAI
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Italian
RDI Canada Canada CBC
(Government)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV, online
French
RTÉ News Now Republic of Ireland Ireland RTÉ
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
English, Irish, Irish Sign Language
RTP3 Portugal Portugal RTP
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Also available internationally
Portuguese
RT Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
International English, French, Spanish, Arabic
RT France Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
International French
RT UK Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
Nationwide English
RT America Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
Nationwide English
RT en Español Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
International Spanish
RT Arabic Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
International Arabic
RT Deutsch Russia Russia ANO TV-Novosti
(Government)
Nationwide German
Russia 24 Russia Russia VGTRK
(Government)
Nationwide
Also available internationally
Russian
SABC News International South Africa South Africa SABC
(Government)
  English
WION 23px-Flag_of_India.svg.png India Essel Group
(Private)
International English
Zee 24Ghanta India India Essel Group
(Private)
Regional Bengali
Zee News India India Essel Group
(Private)
Nationwide Hindi
Zee Live India India, Mauritius Essel Group
(Private)
Nationwide English,
Mirror Now India India     English
TG Norba 24 Italy Italy Gruppo Norba
(Private)
Terrestrial (regional), satellite Italian
Telesur Venezuela Venezuela La Nueva Televisión del Sur
(Government)
International Spanish
TRT Al Arabiya Turkey Turkey TRT
(Government)
International Arabic
TRT Haber Turkey Turkey TRT
(Government)
Nationwide Turkish
TRT Kurdî Turkey Turkey TRT
(Government)
Nationwide Kurdish
TRT World Turkey Turkey TRT
(Government)
International English
TVB iNews China China
(Hong Kong Hong Kong)
TVB
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial
Chinese (Cantonese)
TVP Info Poland Poland Telewizja Polska
(Government)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Polish
VOA TV United States United States Broadcasting Board of Governors
(Government)
International English (VOA currently broadcasts news in 45 languages)
RTK 3 Kosovo Kosovo Radio Television of Kosovo
(Government)
Nationwide Albanian, Serbian
TV5 (India) IndiaIndia Shreya Broadcasting Pvt, Ltd
(Private) India
Regional Telugu
ANC Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN Corporation
(Private)
Nationwide English, Filipino
Africa 24 Africa     French
Ada Derana Sri Lanka Sri Lanka     Sinhala
One News (Philippines) Philippines Philippines TV5 Network
(Private)
Nationwide English, Filipino
Inquirer 990 Television Philippines Philippines Inquirer Group of Companies
(Private)
  Filipino
ARY News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
PTV World Pakistan Pakistan     English
Apna News Pakistan Pakistan     Punjabi
Arise News United Kingdom United Kingdom   International English
Astro Awani Malaysia Malaysia     Malaysian
Band News Brazil Brazil Grupo Bandeirantes de Comunicação
(Private)
Nationwide Portuguese
BeritaSatu TV Indonesia Indonesia     Indonesian, English
BFM TV France France NextRadioTV
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV, online
French
Brigada News TV Philippines Philippines     Cebuano
CBSN United States United States CBS Corporation
(Private)
Nationwide
online
English
Channels TV Nigeria Nigeria     Nigerian
City 42 Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu, English
CNN United States United States WarnerMedia
(Private)
Nationwide English
CNN Airport United States United States WarnerMedia
(Private)
Nationwide English
CNN Chile Chile Chile   Nationwide Spanish
CNN en Español United States United States WarnerMedia
(Private)
International Spanish
CNN-News18 India India Network 18
(Private)
Nationwide English
CNN Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia Trans Media
(Private)
Nationwide Indonesian
CNN International United States United States WarnerMedia
(Private)
International English
CNN Philippines Philippines Philippines Nine Media Corporation
(Private)
Nationwide English, Filipino
CNN Türk Turkey Turkey Doğan Media Group
(Private)
Nationwide Turkish
CP24 Canada Canada Bell Media
(Private)
Regional
Satellite, cable, IPTV
English
CTV News Channel Canada Canada Bell Media
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
English
Dawn News Pakistan Pakistan     English
DD Sahyadri India India     Marathi
Digi 24 Romania Romania     Romanian
Din News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
Dunya News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
DXAB Teleradyo Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN   Cebuano
DYAB Teleradyo Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN   Cebuano
Dzaïr News Algeria Algeria     Arabic, Tamazight, French, English
DZMM TeleRadyo Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN Nationwide Filipino
Nova24TV Slovenia Slovenia     Slovene
Top TV Slovenia Slovenia     Slovene
DZRH News Television Philippines Philippines Manila Broadcasting Company
(Private)
Nationwide Filipino
Echo TV Hungary Hungary     Hungarian
Echourouk News Algeria Algeria     Arabic, French
eNCA South Africa South Africa Naspers
(Private)
International English
Ennahar TV Algeria Algeria     Arabic, French
ETV News Kannada India India     Kannada
ETV Marathi India India     Marathi
Excélsior TV Mexico Mexico Grupo Imagen
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Spanish
Express News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu and English
Focus TV India India     Hindi
FOROtv Mexico Mexico Televisa
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Also available internationally
Spanish
Fox News Channel United States United States 20th Century Fox
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
Also available internationally
English
FTV News Taiwan Taiwan     Chinese
GEO News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
Global News Network Philippines Philippines     English, Filipino
Globo News Brazil Brazil Grupo Globo
(Private)
Nationwide Portuguese
Globovisión Venezuela Venezuela     Spanish
GMA News TV Philippines Philippines GMA Network
(Private)
  English, Filipino
Headlines Today India India     English
Hír TV Hungary Hungary     Hungarian
HKBN News China China (Hong Kong Hong Kong)     Chinese (Cantonese)
HLN United States United States Time Warner
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
English
i24news 21px-Flag_of_Israel.svg.png Israel   International English, French, Arabic
INews TV 23px-Flag_of_Indonesia.svg.png Indonesia     Indonesian
IBN-7 India India     Hindi
IBN Lokmat India India     Marathi
Info TV Lithuania Lithuania     Lithuanian
i-Cable Live News Channel China China (Hong Kong Hong Kong) I-Cable Communications
(Private)
Nationwide
Cable
Chinese (Cantonese)
India News India India     Hindi
India Tv India India     Hindi
Indus News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
CNews France France Groupe Canal+
(Private)
Nationwide French
Jai Maharashtra India India     Marathi
Jurnal TV Moldova Moldova     Romanian
Janasri News India India     Kannada
Kompas TV Indonesia Indonesia     Indonesian
Espreso TV Ukraine Ukraine     Ukrainian
News7 Bulgaria Bulgaria     Bulgarian
News 12 Networks United States United States Altice USA
(Private)
New York metropolitan area English
Kanal 5 Ukraine Ukraine     Ukrainian
Kasthuri Newz 24 India India     Kannada
Kolkata TV India India     Bengali
KTN News Pakistan Pakistan     Sindhi
Khyber News Pakistan Pakistan     Pushto
LCI France France Groupe TF1
(Private)
Nationwide French
LCN Canada Canada Quebecor Media
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
French
Manorama News India India     Indian
MetroTV Indonesia Indonesia     Indonesian, English, Chinese
MNC News Indonesia Indonesia     Indonesian, English, Chinese
Milenio Televisión Mexico Mexico Grupo Multimedios
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Spanish
MSNBC United States United States Comcast
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
English
Welt Germany Germany Axel Springer SE
(Private)
Nationwide German
n-tv Germany Germany RTL Group
(Private)
Nationwide German
NDTV 24x7 India India     English
NDTV India India India     Hindi
NDTV Profit India India     English
Ne Bangla India India     Bengali
News 24 India India     Hindi
News One Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
NewsX India India     English
Niagara News TV Canada Canada   Regional English
NTV Turkey Turkey     Turkish
Nuestra Tele Noticias 24 Horas Colombia Colombia     Spanish
One America News United States United States Herring Networks Nationwide English
Odisha TV India India     Oriya
Ora News Albania Albania     Albanian
OSN News
(Rebroadcasts of American news)
Arab League Arab World     Arabic
Phoenix InfoNews Channel China China (Hong Kong Hong Kong) Phoenix Television
(Private)
International Chinese
NPO Politiek Netherlands Netherlands NPO
(Government)
Nationwide Dutch
Polsat News Poland Poland Cyfrowy Polsat
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
Polish
Polsat News 2 Poland Poland Cyfrowy Polsat
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
Polish
Presse Africaine Africa     French
Public TV India India     Kannada
Raj News Kannada India India     Kannada
Record News Brazil Brazil Grupo Record
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, IPTV
Portuguese
Realitatea TV Romania Romania     Romanian
România TV Romania Romania     Romanian
Royal News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
Samaa News Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
Samaya TV India India     Kannada
SIC Notícias Portugal Portugal Impresa
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
Also available internationally
Portuguese
Sindh TV News Pakistan Pakistan     Sindhi
Sky News Australia Australia Australia News Corp Australia
(Private)
Nationwide English
Sky News New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand News Corp Australia
(Private)
Nationwide English
Sky News United Kingdom United Kingdom 21st Century Fox
(Private)
Nationwide
Terrestrial, satellite, cable, online
Also available internationally
English
Sky News Arabia United Kingdom United Kingdom Sky plc, ADMIC
(Private)
International Arabic
Saam TV India India     Marathi
Sky TG24 Italy Italy 21st Century Fox
(Private)
Nationwide Italian
ABP Ananda India India ABP Group
(Private)
Nationwide Bengali
ABP News India India ABP Group Nationwide Hindi
STV Notícias Mozambique Mozambique     Portuguese
Sun News Network Canada Canada     English
Superstacja Poland Poland     Polish
Suvarna News India India     Kannada
TA3 Slovakia Slovakia     Slovak
Tara Newz India India Government of West Bengal, India
(Government)
International Bengali
TEZ India India     Hindi
TGCOM24 Italy Italy Mediaset
(Private)
Nationwide terrestrial, satellite, Internet Italian
TOLOnews Afghanistan Afghanistan     Dari, Pashto and English
Times Now India India     English
TheBlaze United States United States Blaze Media Nationwide English
TNN24 Thailand Thailand     Thai
Spring News Thailand Thailand     Thai
Nation TV Thailand Thailand     Thai
Todo Noticias Argentina Argentina     Spanish
Crónica TV Argentina Argentina     Spanish
C5N Argentina Argentina     Spanish
Canal 26 Argentina Argentina     Spanish
América 24 Argentina Argentina     Spanish
CN23 Argentina Argentina     Spanish
TVB News Channel China China (Hong Kong Hong Kong) TVB
(Private)
Nationwide Chinese (Cantonese)
TV 2 Nyhetskanalen Norway Norway     Norwegian
TV 2 News Denmark Denmark     Danish
TV 24 India India     Hindi
TVC News Nigeria Nigeria     English
TVI 24 Portugal Portugal Media Capital
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV
Also available internationally
Portuguese
TVN24 Poland Poland TVN Group
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Polish
TVN24 BiS Poland Poland TVN Group
(Private)
Nationwide
Satellite, cable, IPTV, online
Polish
TV9 (Telugu) India India     Telugu
TV9 (Kannada) India India     Kannada
Udaya News India India     Kannada
Waqt TV Pakistan Pakistan     Urdu
VSH News Pakistan Pakistan     Balochi
Zee 24 Taas India India Essel Group
(Private)
  Marathi
Newsmax TV United States United States Newsmax Media Nationwide English

Business news channels

Network Country Language(s)
Bloomberg Television United States United States English
BNN Bloomberg Canada Canada English
BTVI India India English
Bloomberg TV Philippines Philippines Philippines English
BFM Business France France French
Class CNBC Italy Italy Italian
CNBC United States United States English
CNBC Arabiya United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Arabic
CNBC Asia Singapore Singapore English
CNBC Awaaz India India Hindi
CNBC Bajar India India Gujarati
CNBC Europe United Kingdom United Kingdom English
CNBC Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Urdu and English
CNBC-TV18 India India English
CNBC Awaaz India India Hindi
ET Now India India English
Fox Business Network United States United States English
Nikkei CNBC Japan Japan Japanese
RTL Z Netherlands Netherlands Dutch
RBC TV Russia Russia Russian
SBS-CNBC South Korea South Korea Korean
Business Plus Pakistan Pakistan Urdu and English
TVN24 Biznes i Świat Poland Poland Polish
now Business News China China (Hong Kong Hong Kong) Chinese (Cantonese)
Zee Business India India Hindi
Zee 24 Hours Business India, Fiji India Fiji English

Sport news channels

Network Country Language(s)
A Bola TV Portugal Portugal Portuguese
beIN Sports News Arab League

Middle East and North Africa

Arabic
ESPNews United States United States English
Fox Sports News Australia Australia English
Fox Sports News Asia Hong Kong Hong Kong English
Polsat Sport News Poland Poland Polish
Sky Sports News United Kingdom United Kingdom English
SuperSport News Albania Albania Albanian
ERT Sports HD Greece Greece Greek

Weather news channels

Network Country Language(s)
La Chaîne Météo France France French
Sky Meteo24 Italy Italy Italian
Sky News Weather Channel Australia Australia English
Climatempo Brazil Brazil Portuguese
The Weather Network Canada Canada English
TVN Meteo Poland Poland Polish
The Weather Channel United States United States English
WeatherNation TV United States United States English
AccuWeather Network United States United States English

Defunct channels

Network Country Language(s) Period of broadcasting
Noticias ECO (private) Mexico Spanish 1988 - 2001
Al Jazeera Mubasher Misr Qatar Arabic 2011 - 2014
Al Jazeera Türk Qatar Turkish 2014 - 2017
aTV 2 News & Business Channel(public) China Chinese (Cantonese) 2007 -2009
Económico TV Portugal Portuguese 2010 - 2016
SBS World News Channel Australia Multiple Language 2002 - 2009
CNBC-e Turkey English and Turkish 2000 - 2015, replaced by TLC Türkiye
CNN+ Spain Spanish 1999 – 2010
Nou 24 2009 – 2013
Z1 Czech Republic Czech 2008 - 2011
Nyhetskanalen Norway Norwegian 1997 - 1998
Polsat Biznes Poland Polish 2013 - 2014, replaced by Polsat News 2
TVN CNBC (private) 2007 - 2013, TVN CNBC, replaced by TVN24 Biznes i Świat
TVNZ 7 New Zealand English and Māori 2008 - 2012
MBN (business, private) South Korea Korean 1995 - 2003 (business), 2003 – 2011 (private); then the general channel switched
Sky News Business Channel Australia English 2008 - 2018
Sky News Election Channel Australia English 2016 - 2017
SVT24 (public) Sweden Swedish 2003 - 2005; is still on air but consists mainly of reruns of programmes from SVT1 and SVT2
DR Update (public) Denmark Danish 2008 - 2013; DR Update has been closed and replaced by DR Ultra.
ITV News Channel (private) UK English 2000 - 2005
ABC News Now US 2004 - 2013 (replaced by Fusion)
Al Jazeera America 2013 - 2016
CNNfn 1995 - 2004
Current TV 2005 - 2013 (replaced by Al Jazeera America)
DoD News Channel 2004 - 2015 (formerly Pentagon Channel)
NBC Weather Plus 2004 - 2008
Newsworld International 1994 - 2005 (replaced by Current TV)
TouchVision 2013 - 2016
Express 24/7 Pakistan 2009 - 2011
Bloomberg TV Indonesia Indonesia Indonesian 2013 - 2015
CBS Telenoticias Latin America Spanish, Portuguese 1994 - 2000
Your Money Australia English 2018

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United States cable news

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cable news channels are television networks devoted to television news broadcasts, with the name deriving from the proliferation of such networks during the 1980s with the advent of cable television. In the United States, early networks included CNN in 1980, Financial News Network (FNN) in 1981 and CNN2 (now HLN) in 1982. CNBC was created in 1989, taking control of FNN in 1991. Through the 1990s and beyond, the cable news industry continued to grow, with the establishment of several other networks, including, Fox News Channel (FNC), MSNBC, and specialty channels such as Bloomberg Television, Fox Business Network, and ESPN News. More recent additions to the cable news business have been CBSN, Newsmax TV, TheBlaze, Fusion, One America News Network, part-time news network RFD-TV, and—for a time—Al Jazeera America.

As some of the most highly available channels, FNC, CNN, and MSNBC are sometimes referred to as the "big three" with Fox News having the highest viewership and ratings. While the networks are usually referred to as 24-hour news networks, reruns of news programs and analysis or opinion programming are played throughout the night, with the exception of breaking news.

Regional 24-hour cable news television channels that are primarily concerned with local programming and cover some statewide interest have included Spectrum News (a brand used for multiple networks including in upstate New York, North Carolina, Florida and Texas), NY1 (which operates from New York City), News 12 Networks, FiOS1, and the former Northwest Cable News (NWCN) (which operated from Seattle). New England Cable News covers the six-state region of New England.

Contents

"Big Three" news channels

Channels

Fox News Channel

Main article: Fox News
Fox News Channel logo.svg

Fox News Channel (FNC) was founded in 1996 under the ownership of News Corporation (founded by Australian-born media mogul Rupert Murdoch), the fourth largest media company in the United States behind Sony, Viacom, Time Warner and The Walt Disney Company. The network is headed by chief executive officer Rupert Murdoch. The network began broadcasting its programming in high definition in May 2008.[1]

Since the network's launch, FNC has gradually grown to become the highest-rated cable network.[2] FNC's former prime time lineup included programs such as The O'Reilly Factor, hosted by Bill O'Reilly, which had been a top rated program since the early 2000s when considered among major cable news channels. The channel's longtime slogans are "Fair and Balanced" and "We Report. You Decide".

MSNBC

Main article: MSNBC
MSNBC 2015 logo.svg

MSNBC debuted in 1996, as a partnership between NBC News and Microsoft (Microsoft's stake in the channel was gradually bought out by NBC until the latter's parent NBCUniversal bought out the remaining minority stake held by Microsoft in 2011). When the network was launched, its leading hosts included Jodi Applegate, John Gibson, Tim Russert and Brian Williams. For over a decade, the network's ratings were consistently in last place among the cable news channels.

After Phil Griffin became president of MSNBC in mid-2008, the channel began shifting towards an increasingly politically liberal ideology in its analysis programming, particularly in its prime-time lineup.[3][4][5] MSNBC launched a high definition simulcast feed on June 29, 2009.[6]

Notable personalities on the network include Morning Joe co-hosts Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski, daytime anchors Chuck Todd and Andrea Mitchell, and evening commentators Chris Matthews and Rachel Maddow. The network was noted in the mid-2000s for its harsh criticism of then-President George W. Bush, most notably the 'special comment' segment of former anchor Keith Olbermann's show, Countdown. This, combined with accusations of support for then-President Barack Obama, have led to MSNBC being criticized for a liberal bias, a reputation it has increasingly embraced with its "Lean Forward" slogan (which it adopted in 2011) and open promotion of progressive and liberal ideas.

The channel had a spin-off called Shift. Established in 2014, it was an online-only channel through its website MSNBC.com. The programming schedule was less focused on politics than the main channel, built to be a divergence from it and is more tailored to a younger audience. The channel ceased operations without notice some time before 2018.

CNN

Main article: CNN
See also: CNN controversies
CNN.svg

Cable News Network (CNN) launched on June 1, 1980, as the first cable channel devoted to news programming. The Persian Gulf War in 1991 catapulted CNN into the spotlight, largely because the channel was the only news outlet with the ability to communicate from inside Iraq during the initial hours of the American bombing campaign, with live reports from the al-Rashid Hotel in Baghdad by reporters Bernard Shaw, John Holliman and Peter Arnett. Throughout the 1990s, CNN (which was at the time the only major cable news channel) became very influential, an influence later coined as the CNN effect.

CNN was the first cable news network to begin broadcasting in high definition in September 2007.[7] Today, CNN's television personalities include Wolf Blitzer, Erin Burnett, Anderson Cooper and Jake Tapper.

CNN spinoffs
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In 1982, the Turner Broadcasting System (which would merge with Time Warner in 1996) created a spin-off of CNN called CNN2, which was originally formatted to show the top news stories of the day on a 30-minute "wheel" schedule. The channel rebranded as CNN Headline News in 1983, before the network abandoned the CNN branding and changed its name to the orphaned initialism HLN in 2008, following a shift from news programming towards a mix of news during the day and discussion programs and documentary series at night that began two years earlier.

CNN en Español.svg

Turner founded CNN International in 1985, with a straight focus on international news stories compared to CNN, which featured an equal emphasis on U.S. and world news. CNN launched a special service on January 20, 1992 called CNN Airport Network which is available exclusively in United States airports; the service simulcasts programs from CNN and HLN, but with inserts of information of interest to air travelers. CNN also operates a Spanish language service, CNN en Español.

Turner Broadcasting also established two, now defunct networks. CNNfn, launched at the end of 1995, attempting to challenge CNBC. It ceased operations after nine years on the air in December 2004. CNNSI, a partnership between CNN and Sports Illustrated, attempted to counter the rising success of ESPNews in covering sports news. While the network was shut down, CNN and Sports Illustrated continue to maintain their partnership, with Sports Illustrated operating a sports section on CNN's website.

Ratings

FNC has been number one among cable news audiences since supplanting CNN in 2002.[8] Until the start of 2002, CNN was the number one cable news network in the ratings.[9]

Starting in 2013, a major ratings decline at MSNBC has pushed that network to fourth place in March 2015.[10]

FNC marked its 15th year as the highest-rated cable news channel in the same demographic, posting 2.8 million average total viewers in January 2017. MSNBC beat CNN in total primetime viewers, ranking sixth among all cable networks in January. CNN beat MSNBC, but trailed first place Fox News Channel, in total daytime viewers.[11][12][13]

Other cable news channels

General news

Blaze TV

Main article: TheBlaze

Blaze TV is a news and opinion network operated by Blaze Media, a joint venture between Conservative Review and Glenn Beck's Mercury Radio Arts. It began September 12, 2012 as GBTV, initially controlled solely by Beck, and formed the joint venture December 3, 2018, taking on the programming of CRTV, Conservative Review's subscription video service that had launched in October 2016. Blaze TV is explicitly conservative in perspective, with popular hosts on the network including Beck, Mark Levin, Pat Gray, Steve Deace, Steven Crowder and Phil Robertson. Blaze TV is available via Dish Network and Verizon FiOS, various smaller cable providers, and through subscription Internet television.

Free Speech TV

Main article: Free Speech TV
Logo of Free Speech TV.png

Free Speech TV (FSTV) is a national, independent, progressive news network that reaches more than 40 million television households in the United States. The network brands itself as "the alternative to television networks owned by billionaires, governments and corporations." It was launched in 1995 and is owned and operated by Public Communicators Incorporated, a 501(c)3 non-profit, tax-exempt organization founded in 1974. Distributed principally by Dish Network, DirecTV, and the network’s live stream at freespeech.org and on Roku, Free Speech TV has run commercial free since 1995 with support from viewers and foundations. The network claims to "amplify underrepresented voices and those working on the front lines of social, economic and environmental justice," bringing viewers an array of daily news programs, independent documentaries and special events coverage. In practice, the network's political leanings represent a left-wing perspective, with several progressive talk radio hosts having time slots on the network and the network simulcasting Democracy Now! with longtime progressive radio network Pacifica.

Fusion

Main article: Fusion TV
Fusion TV logo 2018.png

Fusion is owned by Univision Communications, The channel was created as a joint venture between Univison and Disney-ABC Television Group subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company and relies in part on the resources of their respective news divisions, ABC News and Noticias Univision. The channel launched in October 2013. The network's content features news, lifestyle, pop culture, satire and entertainment aimed at English-speaking millennials, including those of a Hispanic background; the channel is Univision's first major push into English-language programming. The channel features talent such as Alicia Menendez, Mariana Atencio and Jorge Ramos.

It is distributed on both Dish Network and DirecTV along with Verizon FIOS, AT&T U-Verse, Google Fiber and Cablevision/Optimum and is being provided on upcoming Disney/ESPN carriage deals with other providers. Fusion while a joint venture was ABC's third attempt at a cable news channel after Satellite News Channel and ABC News Now. (ABC pulled out of the venture in 2015.)

InfoWars

Infowars Logo.svg
Main article: InfoWars

InfoWars began its existence in 1999 as the online outlet for conspiracy theorist and radio host Alex Jones. It began carrying a live video feed of Jones's show in the 2010s and expanded to hire other hosts in the same era. InfoWars originally was positioned as an extreme libertarian ideology (during the 2000s Jones frequently accused the George W. Bush Administration of numerous conspiracy theories including accusations that they had orchestrated the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and in 2008 was a backer of Ron Paul's presidential campaign) but shifted into an alt-right/far-right positioning with the rise and ultimate success of the 2016 Donald Trump presidential campaign. Its hosts and contributors include Jones, Paul Joseph Watson, Mike Cernovich, Roger Stone, and Jerome Corsi.

Most satellite and cable providers have refused to carry InfoWars, and most social media outlets blacklisted the outlet in 2018. The video feed is available through the InfoWars web site and a limited number of terrestrial affiliates.

Newsmax TV

Main article: Newsmax TV
Newsmax TV Logo.png

Newsmax TV debuted June 15, 2014 as a television arm of Newsmax Media, a media company better known for its magazine and website. The channel runs a mix of rolling news coverage in the afternoons, video simulcasts of conservative talk radio programs, talk shows, and reruns of documentaries. Talent on the network includes Howie Carr, Wayne Allyn Root, Joe Pagliarulo and Bill O'Reilly. Until mid-2016, it was distributed on both Dish Network and DirecTV, Dish has since dropped it. The channel does have numerous local broadcasting affiliates. A live stream of the channel is also available for free online at NewsmaxTV.com, as well as YouTube.[14] Newsmax TV has generally been described as right-wing, broadcasting many programs hosted by conservative media personalities.

NewsNet

Main article: NewsNet

NewsNet is based in Cadillac, Michigan at WMNN-LD, a local all-news television outlet. The network launched nationally on 18 affiliates with test programming in late December 2018, with the full launch took place on January 1, 2019. NewsNet follows a traditional rolling news clock with no opinion programming. It is available, in addition to its terrestrial affiliate base, as a free channel on streaming platforms.

Newsy

Main article: Newsy

Newsy began in 2008 as a syndication service providing news videos to mobile and Web users. It was acquired by The E. W. Scripps Company, an owner of local television stations, in 2014 and transformed into its current form, a linear channel devoted to rolling news coverage and short-form videos. Originally distributed solely via over-the-top platforms, Newsy was offered to cable outlets beginning in late 2017.

One America News Network

Main article: One America News Network

One America News Network (OANN) was launched in the summer of 2013 by Herring Networks, initially under the cooperation of The Washington Times. The channel's content consists of rolling news coverage and political talk shows from a conservative viewpoint. The network is distributed by DirecTV, Verizon FiOS, CenturyLink Prism, Consolidated Communications, and AT&T U-verse. It formerly streamed online but no longer does so directly as of December 2014; its set-top box streaming apps remain in operation.

In 2015, OANN was said to have viewership that "outperforms Fusion, Bloomberg and Al Jazeera combined, according to first quarter ratings on total hours viewed," despite its much narrower distribution.[15]

RFD-TV

Main article: RFD-TV

RFD-TV (Rural Free Delivery Television) is a rural-oriented television network independently owned and operated by Rural Media Group. The majority of its daytime weekday programming is devoted to news coverage, including outside-produced newscasts such as U.S. Farm Report, AgDay and This Week in Agribusiness, the network's nightly Rural Evening News, and a five-hour rolling news coverage block centered on agricultural commodities coverage with news and weather. RFD-TV is available through both national satellite providers, on a limited number of cable outlets, and through a paywalled Internet stream.

Foreign cable news networks with U.S. operations

RT America

Main article: RT America
RT America Logo.png

RT America (branded on air as RT) is the official arm of the Russian Federation's media organ, Russia Today. The American channel launched in 2010 and broadcasts content from both the international and United Kingdom editions of RT in addition to original programming from its American studios. Its approach is alternative and purposely contrarian in nature compared to most American news outlets. Talent on the network includes hosts Larry King, Lee Camp, Jesse Ventura, Alex Salmond and Mike Papantonio. It is available nationally on Dish Network and DirecTV and regionally on Charter Spectrum and other cable providers, and through a limited number of terrestrial affiliates that carry RT on digital subchannels. Additionally, RT America is made available through several streaming apps across many different platforms such as Roku and Android TV as well as several Blu-ray players and smart TVs. The channel's live stream is also available free on RT's website. RT has been registered as a foreign agent since November 2017.[16]

i24News

Main article: i24NEWS (United States)
I24NEWS logo.svg

i24NEWS is an English language international news television channel that is owned by Altice USA. It is the English version of i24NEWS, a news service based in Israel and operated as a joint venture by Israel's two most prominent commercial broadcasters. The network began broadcasting in the US on February 13, 2017. It is live from 6-10 p.m. Eastern Time and at other times broadcasts from Israel. Live programming is broadcast from Times Square in New York with an additional bureau in Washington, D.C. The channel uses resources from i24's main Jaffa headquarters. Talent includes David Shuster who is also the managing editor, Michelle Makori, and Dan Raviv. The channel acquired many of its debut behind-the-scenes talent from the former Al Jazeera America. The channel is carried on Altice USA-owned Optimum and Suddenlink cable systems and Charter Spectrum. The channel live streams via its website.

CGTN America

Main article: CGTN America
CGTN-America Logo.png

CGTN America is the American division of China Global Television Network, the English-language news channel run by Chinese state broadcaster China Central Television. It is based in Washington, D.C. and manages bureaus across North and South America. The service launched in 2012 as CCTV America and employs a mix of American, international and Chinese journalists and produces Americas-based programming with a focus on Asia for CGTN. The channel is carried on DirecTV, Dish Network, AT&T U-Verse and smaller carriers and live streams via its website and Livestream.

CNC World

Main article: CNC World

CNC World is an English-language network majority owned by Xinhua, the Chinese state news agency. It has a more explicit propaganda aim than CGTN and is closely intertwined with the Chinese Communist Party. Its U.S. operations are based in New York City. The channel is available through digital subchannels and a live stream on the Internet.

BBC World News

Main article: BBC World News
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BBC World News is the BBC's international news and current affairs television channel.[17] While the channel does not specifically target the U.S., the BBC has a bureau in Washington, D.C., and produces two programs that cover U.S. news and politics: BBC World News America and Beyond 100 Days. These shows are also broadcast on public television stations, as well as half-hour BBC World News bulletins. BBC World News has covered both U.S. presidential and midterm elections results. The BBC produces weather forecasts for the U.S. and Canada and runs advertisements on the U.S. feed, as foreign broadcasts are not covered by the United Kingdom television license. The channel is carried on Cablevision, Comcast, Spectrum, Verizon FiOS and AT&T U-Verse, as well as internet TV providers YouTube TV and Sling TV. A 2018 survey for Research Intelligencer by Brand Keys found that the BBC was the most trusted TV news brand among American viewers, beating out Fox News and PBS.[18]

Financial news

  CNBC Bloomberg TV FBN
Headquarters Englewood Cliffs, N.J. New York City New York City
Number of Households in 2012 97 million 57 million 68 million
Profits in 2008 $350 million $15.6 million not reported*
Management Mark Hoffman (President) Michael Clancy (Executive Editor) Rupert Murdoch (CEO)

[19]

* FBN is operated as a division of the Fox Entertainment Group – which had $1.85 billion in net income in 2004. No information reported for the profits or losses which the FBN division represents.

CNBC

Main article: CNBC
CNBC logo.svg

CNBC (originally an abbreviation for the Consumer News and Business Channel) was launched by NBC in 1989 after the purchase of Satellite Program Network, and merged with competitor Financial News Network that same year. It is owned by the NBCUniversal News Group, a unit of the NBCUniversal Television Group division of NBCUniversal. CNBC is the widest distributed of the business channels with about 84.27% of carriage. The channel has many international spin-offs.

Bloomberg Television

Main article: Bloomberg Television
Bloomberg Television logo.svg

CNBC gained a competitor in the financial news genre with Bloomberg Television, which was created in 1994 by Bloomberg L.P., led by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. It is distributed worldwide through cable, satellite and internet providers, and is headquartered in New York. Bloomberg Television was unusual in that its Internet stream, one of the few television networks to continuously offer a video feed over the Internet since the 1990s, was free to the public; the feed was placed behind a soft paywall along with the rest of Bloomberg's Internet ventures in May 2018.

Fox Business Network

Main article: Fox Business Network

FBN is the sister business network to Fox News Channel. In October 2007, News Corporation launched its own financial news network called Fox Business Network (FBN); News Corporation CEO Rupert Murdoch stated his reason for launching the channel was that CNBC is too "negative towards business", and had promised to make FBN more "business friendly".

Cheddar

Main article: Cheddar (TV channel)

Cheddar was established in 2017 as an initially online-only channel that operated on a freemium model with some content free and others paywalled. It was acquired by Altice USA in 2019 and, after a two-year run in which several low-powered stations owned by DTV America carried the slot, began transitioning to cable systems that year. Cheddar targets a younger audience than the other business news channels.

Ratings

FBN's ratings were initially too low to be registered beyond Nielsen's margin of error;[20] its highest viewership was estimated to be 202,000 viewers, during the 7:00 a.m. Eastern Time hour of Imus in the Morning's debut broadcast on the network in 2009.[21] By October 2016, FBN had surpassed CNBC, as roughly a third of CNBC's viewership migrated to FBN over the course of a year, with both netting approximately 170,000 viewers.[22] Bloomberg also does not subscribe to Nielsen and its ratings are assumed to be very low (however, its viewership was higher than CNBC's when Bloomberg's programming was simulcast on E! in the early morning hours, an arrangement that began in 2004 after USA Network ended its simulcast of the channel after ten years, and was discontinued altogether under E! in 2007).[23] Currently, CNBC usually has between 200,000-400,000 viewers during the day.[24] In 2000, CNBC had higher ratings than CNN during market hours.[25] The viewership of business newscasts may be underestimated in part because much of its viewership comes from communal areas, most of which cannot be accurately measured by Nielsen and are thus not counted; for this reason, CNBC dropped its subscription to Nielsen in 2015.[26] RFD-TV's average viewership, including for its financial market coverage as well as its non-news programming, is approximately 136,000 viewers.[27]

Professional sports news

ESPNews

Main article: ESPNews
See also: Criticism of ESPN
ESPNews.svg

ESPN launched a 24-hour sports news channel named ESPNews on November 1, 1996, which is carried by most cable and satellite providers, although usually only on dedicated sports and information tiers. It airs news, highlights, press conferences and commentary by analysts all in relation to sports. ESPNews was also syndicated to regional sports networks as daytime filler programming and also often appears as blackout filler on ESPN or ESPN2 when those channels air a program unavailable in a certain geographic area.

ESPNews scaled back its news-only format in 2013, after several years of ESPN expanding its flagship newscast, SportsCenter, throughout the daytime hours on the main channel. ESPNews newscasts are now branded under the SportsCenter brand, while replays of ESPN2 talk programs typically air when SportsCenter airs on ESPN's main channel.

At least one of the ESPN networks is usually carrying a SportsCenter broadcast at any given time, with the lone exceptions being particularly busy sports days in which all three networks (ESPN, ESPN2 and ESPNEWS) are carrying sporting events and the network's multi-channel coverage of major sports events.

FS1

Main articles: Fox Sports 1 and FS2
2015 Fox Sports 1 logo.svg

Fox Entertainment Group re-branded Speed Channel as FS1, a sports channel carrying both analysis shows and live sports events, on August 13, 2013. The studio programs are usually pushed to its sister station, FS2, when live sports are occurring during the broadcast. FS2 acts primarily as an overflow network for FS1, airing their studio programs when they cannot air on FS1 due to schedule conflicts, and also airs reruns of FS1 programming. However, FS2 does air live sports as well, most often from outside the United States.

Fox Sports has, three times in its history, attempted to launch a national sportscast. The first two aired on Fox Sports Net: the National Sports Report from 1996–2002, and Final Score from 2006–2011. The third, Fox Sports Live, aired on FS1 from the network's launch until 2017.

NBCSN

Main article: NBCSN
NBCSN logo.png

Originally launched as the Outdoor Life Network in 1995, re-branded in '06 as Versus and re-branded yet again in 2012 as NBC Sports Network, the name was finally abbreviated to NBCSN. Unlike NBC, which airs reruns of the most anticipated Olympic events of the day, NBCSN airs Olympic events live. The network also extensively covers the National Hockey League and the Premier League in England, also carrying limited college football, basketball and hockey. NBCSN also airs news & analysis programming; since parent company Comcast purchased British broadcaster Sky plc in 2019, NBCSN has simulcast Sky Sports News during the early afternoon hours. Unlike ESPN and Fox, the network does not have a flagship, all-sport newscast, with its news and discussion programs generally centered around individual sports. The network's attempts at general-purpose shows have typically been short-lived.

During NBC and NBCSN's coverage of the Olympic Games, sister network Olympic Channel (and before that, its predecessor Universal Sports) flips to an all-sports news format, providing summary coverage of the day's Olympic events.

CBS Sports Network / CBS Sports HQ

Main article: CBS Sports Network
CBS Sports Network 2016.png

CBS Sports Network was founded as College Sports TV. It still maintains a primary focus on college sports, but has since broadened to include general studio discussion shows, simulcasts of CBS Sports Radio talk shows, and some lower-end professional sports.

On February 26, 2018, CBS Sports launched CBS Sports HQ, an Internet-only channel that serves as a 24-hour channel for sports news, highlights and discussion programs, without any live sports.

College sports news

ESPNU

Main article: ESPNU
ESPN U logo.svg

ESPNU is a 24-hour sports news network dedicated to college sports. ESPN airs a customized version of SportsCenter, SportsCenter U, covering college sports, as well as documentaries about college teams and players.

Big Ten Network

Main article: Big Ten Network

The Big Ten Network, whose origins can be traced back to '03, airs a large amount of original sports programming, including a program similar to SportsCenter called Big Ten Tonight, as well as live sports. Unlike other college sports channels, such as ESPNU or BTN's sister station Fox College Sports, BTN covers the Big Ten Conference exclusively.

Fox College Sports

Main article: Fox College Sports

Fox College Sports (FCS) airs an extremely large amount of live sports. Because Fox Sports has so many rights to so many college sporting events, FCS networks are split by region, similar to Fox Sports.

Longhorn Network

Main article: Longhorn Network

Launched in 2011 as a joint venture between ESPN & the Texas Longhorns, the Longhorn Network airs over 20 different live sports, as well as sports news & analysis.

SEC Network

Main article: SEC Network

Three years after the launch of the Longhorn Network, ESPN entered a similard joint venture with the Southeastern Conference, also known as the SEC. While it does broadcast over 20 different SEC sports, it also airs analysis of upcoming games as well as a sports talk show. Some SEC Network football games are simulcast on WDCW.

Pac-12 Network

Main article: Pac-12 Network

The Pac-12 Network covers every sport in the PAC-12 as well as every team in the conference, airing nearly 900 live events a year. With the vast number of events in the PAC-12, the Pac-12 Network has been split into six separate regional channels.

Weather news

The Weather Channel

Main article: The Weather Channel
The Weather Channel logo 2005-present.svg

The Weather Channel is the market leader in news regarding weather forecasting and the most widely distributed cable network in the United States. It was launched in August 1982, under the ownership of Landmark Communications (which sold the network to a joint venture of NBCUniversal, Blackstone Group and Bain Capital in 2008; these parties, in turn, split the channel, with the non-broadcast assets going to IBM in 2016 and the channel itself going to Byron Allen's Entertainment Studios in 2018). Originally, the channel was devoted entirely to weather forecasts and news coverage (with computer-generated local forecasts inserted through each individual cable provider every ten minutes, and previously at randomized time intervals, ten times an hour), but since 2001, the network has increasingly cut back its weather coverage in favor of reality television and documentary series (this reliance on such programs has led to carriage disputes between Dish Network and DirecTV in the early 2010s, the latter resulting in the channel's first provider defection, citing subscriber complaints regarding The Weather Channel's shift away from forecast programs). Most of the channel's morning and at least part of its afternoon lineup remains devoted to weather news coverage and national forecasts.

Since the 2000s, there have been several other attempts to launch weather-centric television channels.

AccuWeather

The Local AccuWeather Channel

Main article: AccuWeather Channel

The Local AccuWeather Channel is distributed mainly as a digital subchannel on various terrestrial television outlets. Content on local versions of The Local AccuWeather Channel vary widely, ranging from a mix of local and AccuWeather content (such as WFAA) to all-local, automated outlets (such as WFMZ-TV). Now largely deprecated, it is unknown as of November 2019 (when WFAA dropped its affiliation) whether any affiliates still carry AccuWeather Channel over the air.

AccuWeather Network

Main article: AccuWeather Network

AccuWeather Network is a national version of the AccuWeather channel. The network broadcasts pre-recorded national and regional weather forecasts, analysis of ongoing weather events, and weather-related news, along with local weather segments for mostly the Northeastern United States. It is currently on Verizon FIOS and DirecTV.

WeatherNation TV

Main article: WeatherNation TV

WeatherNation TV, originally known as The Weather Cast, also uses this model (having taken the place of The Local AccuWeather Channel as the affiliation of certain stations' weather channels since 2013), although it also provides a feed directly to cable providers and directly to consumers through mobile and smart-TV apps. A national feed is available on Dish Network.

NBC Weather Plus

Main article: NBC Weather Plus

Before NBC and its partners acquired The Weather Channel, NBCUniversal operated NBC Weather Plus, a digital multicast service that operated from 2004 to 2008 (continuing thereafter as a locally programmed service using Weather Plus' graphics system called NBC Plus).

See also

References

  1.  
  1. Crupi, Anthony (27 February 2017). "Small Change: Why Niche Cable Nets Are on Their Last Legs | Media - AdAge". Advertising Age. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
 
 

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Ok just one more but please, stop posting other peoples's work and passing it off as yours. It makes you look cleverer than you actually are.

List of United States pay television channels

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The following is a list of pay television networks broadcasting or receivable in the United States, organized by broadcast area and genre.

Some television providers use one or more channel slots for east/west feeds, high definition services and access to video on demand.

This list may be incomplete and uses limited sources relative to the 2,675[1] TV providers in the United States.[2][3][4][5][6]

National

The following channels are all broadcast primarily in English.

Genre Name Year of launch Owner

(Subsidary)

East /

West Feed

HD Feed SAP

Feed

Notes
Variety A&E 1984 The Walt Disney Company [50%] / Hearst Communications [50%] (A&E Networks) Yes Yes Spanish Formerly Arts & Entertainment Network and A&E Network
ABC 1948 The Walt Disney Company (Walt Disney Television) Yes Yes Spanish National feed available on over-the-top providers
Aspire 2012 Magic Johnson Enterprises   Yes    
AWE 2004 Herring Broadcasting   Yes   Formerly Wealth TV
AXS TV 2001 Anthem Sports & Entertainment [majority stake] +