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aquarian1

Trend Change or Retracement

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I can't understand all these discussions about volume.

 

If one perceives the market as an auction, price alone shows result, an achievement. Volume shows effort. Of course the achievement is what matters the most, but volume shows effort needed to accomplish this achievement.

If one watches an auction, watching both the achievement (result) and the effort helps to gain a better picture of what's going on in minds of the other traders.

An auction is a series of tests for demand and supply. Volume (effort) shows seriousness (conviction) of the traders. Changes of effort -- watched together with the achievement -- show shift in this conviction. They show shifts from conviction to hesitation, from hesitation to resignation or even to fear. Or the other way around.

But when interpreting volume, one must acknowledgle the volume only for what it is and not to use it as a mechanical indicator. One must never separate it from the achievement and from a context of this achiement.

 

And maybe that's why so many people don't understand it, don't want to use it or don't know how to use it. Maybe they seek mechanical or even magic interpretations like "High volume on a down bar signals strength", but thay fail to see what it means within the current auction.

 

My view is a view of a beginner who doesn't even trade live yet, but I think both traders and aspiring traders are divided into two groups. One seeks for merely a statistical advantage and doesn't care much about the logic behind it. The other one cares primarilly about the logic and understands the statistical advantage only as a result and proof of this logic.

 

And I think if one counts himself into the latter group and if the logic he builds on includes dynamics of auction process, he shouldn't disregard volume.

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I attach a screengrab of my 5m cash S&P with the new generation indicators and whilst it is not the 'future' chart you showed, it is very similar. I thought all the indicators below your chart were a bit complex for a 5m chart, too much analysis required.

There is not one indicator that will do what you need, but if you concetrate on divergence (always the first signal for a move), then supports or resistances (to act as stop should the trade go against you) and then you will get a better feel for whether it is a reversal or a retracement.

You can only detect this after the peak or trough but it does not matter as you will have detected the change in the trend and you always follow the direction of the trend.

Stay safe in your trading.

TEAMTRADER

"Trade what you see and not what you hear or hope"

5aa70f0742867_SP500CASH.thumb.JPG.498435f44f1466aa4351406f3b8005e6.JPG

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All this talk about the use of Price AND volume is silly.... volume is meaningless... for every "up" or "down" move on high volume (supposedly representing buying/selling "strength"), you can look at any chart and find a corresponding price move on "low" volume-does this mean that a "low" volume price move was made on buying/selling "weakness"? Of course not... breakouts from S/R lines can occur on high AND low volume- if you don't believe me just look at any chart. Up and down trends can start on high OR low volume-based breakouts or bounces of S/R areas.... I don't know how many times I've seen a P/V guru mark up a chart pontificating about the importance of high volume when on the same chart a huge price move or S/R breakout occurred on relatively "low" volume, yet the guru would ignore these price moves... why? I suspect because "low" volume price moves don't fit into the guru's mindset of what causes price to move.... all I know is that until "volume" can be broken down specifically into categories of whose buying/selling because: 1) they want to enter the market, 2) exit an existing trade for profit, or 3) exit an existing trade due to a loss, then volume otherwise has no usefulness and can be thrown onto the growing scapheap of useless indicators... maybe I'm wrong, but my account tells me otherwise...

Edited by davelansing
spelling!

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Volume cannot be meaningless unless one also argues that trader behavior is meaningless (which some people do). On the other hand, it can be "meaningless" in the sense that a foreign language is meaningless to one who doesn't understand the language. Is it "necessary"? Of course not. But then neither is a price plot.

 

If one views volume and volume "bars" as indicators, he will likely not have much success with it/them and may as well not plot it at all. If, however, he uses it to ferret out traders' motives, it will at the least serve as confirmation for what he already suspects may be true.

 

For example, using the chart I provided in my first post to the thread (#2), I've plotted the same support level. Until one gets there, the volume is of no particular trading significance, showing only that trading is active rather than dull.

 

 

attachment.php?attachmentid=12474&stc=1&d=1248694992

 

 

However, as price approaches support, buyers step up to the plate in larger numbers in order to retard or even halt the decline (the first set of arrows). How does one know that the buying pressure is greater than the selling pressure? Price stops falling, at least for the time being. Sellers then continue the pressure, though not as heavily (price resumes its decline though on lighter volume). Buyers on their side continue to attempt to support price at this level, though they don't have to try as hard (again, volume is lighter here), and they finally succeed in halting the decline.

 

At this point, sellers have pretty much sold what they wanted to sell (otherwise, volume would be higher and the push-pull would continue). When this level is tested again at 1100, volume is lighter still, though buyers have the upper hand, evidenced by their ability to turn price and subsequently advance it with relatively little effort (note that when price revisits 63, there's practically no volume at all; sellers are literally done).

 

Does one have to know all this or understand what's happening in order to make a successful entry? Maybe not. But is it helpful? To those who are interested in it, yes, and they are generally able to make an earlier entry with a tighter stop and assume less risk in the bargain.

Image1a.gif.eab7b643a41982e5430c8d6feb807c31.gif

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DB, I will respectfully disagree with your assessment that "buying pressure" comes in to stop downward price movement.. even on your chart above, just before the 11:14 bar, price bounces off support on relatively low volume (relative to the bars you've pointed out with the arrows...)... my argument is this... for every significant bar movement associated with high volume "buying pressure" or "selling pressure", you can find an equal number of bars with low volume that have bounced off of S/R lines to start new trends... and how many times do you see a bar with high volume and price doesn't significantly move up or down (i.e. churning?)... maybe we should define "buying pressure" and "selling pressure" without associating the volume with numbers... which means that using volume to define price movement is an "after-the-fact" assessment...

 

As always, just my 2 cents.... BTW, DB, I've learned a lot regarding price action by reading your blog and your posts on the ET forum...

 

Dave

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Well, the main reason fro trading is to make money so as long as you both are making money from your differing systems then stick with what you know.

This is how my chart called this and it agreed with the support show on DB's chart.

Having said that the attachment part is not operating on the site. Imagine the line!!

TEAMTRADER

"Trade what you see and not what you hear or hope"

5aa70f0761efb_SP500CASH1.thumb.JPG.14d6db9be470a4c5b3bca4cc63ee7ff3.JPG

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DB, I will respectfully disagree with your assessment that "buying pressure" comes in to stop downward price movement.. even on your chart above, just before the 11:14 bar, price bounces off support on relatively low volume (relative to the bars you've pointed out with the arrows...)... my argument is this... for every significant bar movement associated with high volume "buying pressure" or "selling pressure", you can find an equal number of bars with low volume that have bounced off of S/R lines to start new trends... and how many times do you see a bar with high volume and price doesn't significantly move up or down (i.e. churning?)... maybe we should define "buying pressure" and "selling pressure" without associating the volume with numbers... which means that using volume to define price movement is an "after-the-fact" assessment...

 

 

Yes, as I said, "note that when price revisits 63, there's practically no volume at all; sellers are literally done". As for "buying pressure" not coming in to retard or halt the decline, if it didn't, then price would continue to decline.

 

As for low volume or high volume, volume is nothing more than a record of participation. What matters is price movement. If the trader couldn't care less about the extent of participation in the move, then there's no reason for him to pay any attention to volume/trading activity at all. As to how helpful it can be in real time, one has to view it in real time, when the price and volume bars are moving together in concert.

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First I would like to thank all of you for your contributions.

I will try to respond individually as well.

 

Originally I was toying with posting a simplified chart to clarify what I had intended by by question, but I thought that most would understand I was asking a more general question and decided to not waste time as I already had my end of the day printed chart.

 

Perhaps I should have posted my simplified chart with the original question and without any indicators on it so as to better focus the question.

 

I am not closed to new ideas and certainly a few have come forward!

Thank-you all.

 

Rephrased and simplified.

"Is the day going to be a zig-zag day or a V day?

DAYS.JPG.d04748ce56bcb7248047143b1b0de1ef.JPG

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“At point A is there a way to tell that the balance of the day will be up?”

 

Your question is an interesting one. After all, what trader wouldn't want to know when a trend has changed? While I can't answer your question exactly, I think I can help you stay in a trade until the trend changes direction.

 

I have recently discovered some valuable indicators. Take a look at the attached .jpg file. Using StochasticFast (34,3) and DirectionalMovementIndex(5,2,2,5), you can get a very good idea of the strength of the trend. I will explain.

 

Use the following rules:

 

1) When FastK (Yellow) drops below FastD (Blue), and DI+ (Red) is below DI- (Green), and the ADX (Yellow) is rising, you have a strong Downtrend.

2) When FastK (Yellow) rises above FastD (Blue), and DI- (Green) is below DI+ (Red), and the ADX (Yellow) is rising, you have a strong Uptrend.

 

While I am still testing this combination of indicators, so far I have made a lot of "money" in my paper trading account.

 

I trade with thinkorswim, but these same indicators could be set up with other brokers, as long as they allow you to change the parameters on the indicators. Using StochasticFast with K period of 34 and D period of 3, and DirectionalMovementIndex with ATR length of 5, DI+ length of 2, DI- length of 2, and Wilders length of 5, you can duplicate the same results I get. Try it, and let us know if it works for you.

 

Had you followed these indicators on Friday, July 24th, and bought Puts and 9:45 AM and sold them at 10:15 AM, and then bought Calls at 12:15 PM and sold the Calls at Market Close, you would have made significant profit. The indicators help you to stay in a trade with confidence, as long as the ADX keeps rising. While the candlesticks will often drop down, that rising ADX keeps you in for big profits.

 

But make sure you don't jump the gun and get into a trade until all 3 of the elements of each rule are true, or you'll get into trouble. Yes, you'll miss some of the movement, but let these indicators tell you when the trend is strong and when to get in and get out, so you'll make money.

5aa70f0833076_July242009TrendChangeExample.thumb.JPG.f071aa437a8ccd8441425adabfffba39.JPG

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Is the day going to be a zig-zag day or a V day?
This is not the right place to ask such a question. You need to visit an oracle for that.

In other words, if you are not a clairvoyant there is no way to tell that in advance. You must learn how to spot the reversal in real time, as it occurs. If you know how to determine Support and Resistance, then you can anticipate a level or area where the occurence of reversal is more likely. But that's all.

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Here is another quote I am fond of:

 

"Even if it were possible to prevent the gullible from being led down the garden path, one would first have to determine what is or is not a garden path, then determine who is or is not qualified to prevent the gullible from walking it"

 

Though I am unable to validate the wisdom of its author.

 

There are many ways to get to the end of the garden path. The simplest is to simply walk down it. Or you can buy a compass an altimetre a rocket pack and jet off, to your nearest helipad take a chopper to your closest airport, fly to chile, follow the high andes down the spine of S America, catch a slow boat to china, take the trans siberian express to central europe.........snipped for brevity......and finally take a taxi to your garden gate where you will find the end of the path.

 

Some methods will get you where you need to go but they are akin to the second journey. Some methods are as simple as following the garden path. Some journeys are capable of being taken by a 9 year old unsupervised (see elsewhere on TL for examples) Some will be incompleteable by all but the hardiest of souls. It all depends which is more important to the individual, the journey or the arriving.

 

Personally I would be wary of any approach that uses a lingua franca that is shrouded in incorrectly used pseudo scientific terms to lend gravitas all at the expense of clarity of communication. I would (always) be wary of approaches that use the word 'always' a lot, especially when in reference to what price might do next. Undoubtedly this will engender frustration in mere mortals who do not see the future.

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IMO, the most reliable indicator for determining these beginnings and endings (trends) is price and volume. But moreso volume. Used together these present a formidable combination that allow the trader to see how the market operates and migrates from trend to trend. All trends have the same beginning and ending. The fundamental principle of determining whether price is moving in a dominant direction or non-dominant (retrace) is volume and the sequences that volume undergo to produce price movement and a trend.

 

Volume is not a static variable just as price is not static. The sequences of volume are sometimes explained with a simple notation:

 

(B2B 2R 2B) - Where the Dominant Trend is up

(R2R 2B 2R) - Where the Dominant Trend is down

 

 

or X2X 2Y 2X - when viewed on a time scale it would appear as diagonal volume rays tracking the movement of volume like this:

 

\ / \ / where /=X and \=Y; so applying this to our Dominant Trend we can see that for an up trend we will see the following behavior:

 

A new trend is established with decreasing black volume (\B) as it approaches the existing resistance point (Trendline). Price then breaks out of this resistance on increasing volume (/B; now B2B in the sequence). Once this occurs and is completed, price will begin its retrace which is signified by (\R; now 2R in the sequence) and then return to dominance (/B; now 2B in the sequence) - B2B 2R 2B.

 

All Markets are fractal in nature and this sequence (X2X 2y 2X) occurs on all fractals. All fractals undergo these sequences as the market forms trends within trends within trends. When all of these sequences have completed on all fractals the existing trend is extinguished and a new trend forms.

 

Many people choose to ignore this truism. Truth can be intolerable at times.

 

Best wishes.

 

Are you being ironic when you introduce this as a simple notation? If Anyone wants to read about this simple sequence I would recommend Rollo Tape (a pen name of Wyckoff) or Humphrey Niel.

 

This is a great example of pseudo technical mumbo jumbo obscuring simple concepts rather than aiding them. Volume tends to rise when price is moving with trend and Volume tends to fall with corrections. When you get an increase of volume on a correction beware when you get falling volume with advancing price beware. The other important concept is the volume climax as this model does not cater for this I will leave that aside too.

 

Of course if you like making up mumbo jumbo lets call rising price Tuesday and Falling price Wednesday and Rising volume April and Falling volume June

 

Then TA WA TJ WA TJ shows a potential change of trend up to down and TA WJ TA a retracement.

 

This imho is a far superior annotation to the one proposed by ehorn (no serioudly it is!)

 

If you look at the couplets I have proposed they have absolutely the same meaning regardless of context they are consistent. You will see the one proposed by Ehorn change with the context of uptrend or downtrend....no wonder people get confused...absolutely daft).

Edited by BlowFish

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This is not the right place to ask such a question. You need to visit an oracle for that.

In other words, if you are not a clairvoyant there is no way to tell that in advance. ...

 

Hi Head,

 

I visited the oracle. After making my donation of a silver dinar (you pay first), I was told:

"The God favor you. You shall find that which you seek."

 

Pleased with the counsel, I turned to leave and on the arch above the marble doorway was written,

"If you believe a task is possible or if you believe it is not, you are right."

 

The sunlight sparkled upon the Aegean sea and in the blue sky above, I noticed 3 white doves. One of dropped a sprig of laurel at my feet.

 

-----

In another thread the title

"And then There Were Three..... Breakouts, Retracements and Reversals."

is but another way of asking the question (for a trend change is a reversal)

 

The very first poster to this thread said that it is possible:

Sure. ...

[/center]

 

For you to declare:

"This is not the right place to ask such a question."

is both overbearing and negative.

Let us keep the discussion friendly.

 

Many people have offered good leads.

 

happy trading

DINAR.JPG.69db0093c7b7e2edf216c78377b0abaf.JPG

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I am sorry that my post was overbearing, but that doesn't change the fact that it was true. At least in relation to the post of yours which I quoted.

I mean that you can't predict if any particular day is going to be a V-day or whatever day. If you know how to find Support and Resistance you have levels or zones where reversal (or trend change, as you call it) is more likely. If you focus on S/R important enough, then you have a good chance that price will go quite far from there before returning, if returning at all.

But finding S/R is not enough. Then you need to watch how traders behave when they approach, reach or breach that level. You need to learn how to read in their minds to see if the level will likely hold or not.

 

And this is not a topic for a post but for a book. If you are interested in the subject, that is how to find S/R and how to read traders' behavior at these levels, then read stickies in Wyckoff Forum and/or DbPhoenix's Blog.

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The very first poster to this thread said that it is possible:

 

 

You appear to have misunderstood my post. In its entirety, you asked if there was a way to tell if point A marked an intraday trend change. I provided a chart which showed support and where that support came from and how trading that support correctly would enable you to take advantage of the trend change.

 

In other words, if you understand trend and consolidation, if you understand trading ranges, if you understand the support and resistance that result from these ranges, and if you understand how to read traders' behavior as they approach these levels of support and resistance, THEN it is possible that you will detect these reversals and trade them profitably. But none of this has anything to do with indicators or moving averages or anything that is in any way complex. It needn't even involve volume, though if you wanted to do so, I showed you how to do so in a follow-up post (#29).

 

If you elect to go the indicator route instead, then the answer to your question is more likely no, it probably isn't possible.

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You appear to have misunderstood my post. In its entirety, you asked if there was a way to tell if point A marked an intraday trend change. I provided a chart which showed support and where that support came from and how trading that support correctly would enable you to take advantage of the trend change.

 

In other words, if you understand trend and consolidation, if you understand trading ranges, if you understand the support and resistance that result from these ranges, and if you understand how to read traders' behavior as they approach these levels of support and resistance, THEN it is possible that you will detect these reversals and trade them profitably. But none of this has anything to do with indicators or moving averages or anything that is in any way complex. It needn't even involve volume, though if you wanted to do so, I showed you how to do so in a follow-up post (#29).

 

If you elect to go the indicator route instead, then the answer to your question is more likely no, it probably isn't possible.

 

Hi phoenix,

 

I don't think I misunderstood your post. My original post started with:

"I have a question I am looking for help on.

 

Has someone found a reliable indicator, or combination of indicators, or some other way, that from their personal trading experience can tell if an intra day direction change is a trend change as opposed to a retracement?"

 

You answered how you felt was most helpful - which was or some other way and I appreciated your post and subsequent ones. You offered your solution and that is positive. My question did not close out price action only, or indicators, or any combination.

 

re:

"I provided a chart which showed support and where that support came from and how trading that support correctly would enable you to take advantage of the trend change."
That is great. Of course, my provided sample day was only one example to clarify my meaning.

 

As I posted, I appreciate all positive responses. (They are easier to profit from if they are not pushed as the only way.)

 

Thales offered;

"My advice to the original poster is this: Dedicate yourself to removing all indicators from you chart and spend two and half months really focusing on learning to read price action. If, after two and half months of studying price you are still unable to trade profitably, then you either do not have the ability to read price (which is doubtful, even a child can tell up from down from sideways), or (and this is more likely) you are psychologically unfit for trading, and you must seek to understand how your fear is controlling your trading rather than your knowledge of price action, and learn then to control your fear."

 

{so we have;

"Dedicate yourself","

"even a child",

"still unable to trade profitably",

"psychologically unfit"

- all emotive phrases and basically saying

"my way or the highway".

 

I am unclear why Thales can make judgments about someone he has not met or how this encourages others to share their ideas. If one has fundamental leanings they need not be foisted upon others}

 

I do not see this type of emotive battering in the thread I refer to above. Might this be because it was "the approved" price only area of the board?

 

Is it the exact same question

 

If I had realized how divided this board was and how argumentative, I would have removed all indicators from the example chart I included. Perhaps I would have been best just to post the question.

 

However, it is not an outrageous question and similar questions have been posted. I wanted everyone who had something positive to add not feel intimidated out of posting.

 

One person may feel a task is impossible (for them) and that's perfectly all right. But they need not shut down others along the lines of "well he already said it can't be done - so I better not post my idea or suggestion". This is not helpful.

 

No doubt Edison was told many times the electric light could never be made - that it was impossible. And recording a person's voice - he was accused of being a fraud. The list goes on and on.

 

It is very hard to achieve something if you start out with the idea that it is impossible.

 

A much better post would be:

"in my opinion it is very difficult to determine what you are asking. However price support congestion and price/volume response may offer the most fruitful area of investigation."

or

"From my experience, I have not yet solved the question you are posing and I feel that the task may be so difficult that I have given up trying.. however you could try looking at...."

 

In short, a closed statement of what can and can't be done is not helpful and I posted the question for helpful ideas.

 

Happy trading

Edited by aquarian1
typinging error 'other' 'offered' , would to who

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What thales does or does not "offer" is irrelevant to your quoting me as saying that what you want to do is possible, when my post in its entirety said that it was possible under a certain set of circumstances. I did not say that any other way was impossible.

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Thales offered;

 

{so we have;

"Dedicate yourself","

"even a child",

"still unable to trade profitably",

"psychologically unfit"

- all emotive phrases and basically saying

"my way or the highway".

 

I am unclear why Thales can make judgments about someone he has not met or how this encourages others to share their ideas. If one has fundamental leanings they need not be foisted upon others}

 

I do not see this type of emotive battering in the thread I refer to above. Might this be because it was "the approved" price only area of the board?

 

Nobody except you is being emotive here. If you ask a question, it is likely that people will give advices based on their own experience and their own way of trading. That's no foisting.

Just for your info, Thales has a 9 year old daughter who is able to trade profitably off price action. So as a fact, even a child can do it. Trading can be simple. It is easier for children, because they are not so psychologically unfit. They have lesser ego, lesser fear.

As a matter of fact, most people are psychologically unfit for trading and they need to learn the proper mindset along with learning the technical part of trading. And in most cases it is harder than the technical part.

So I guess Thales is not judging you personally, but speaks in general. And if you take advices and facts as battering, it's only your fault. If you didn't focus on whether someone is attacking your ego or not, perhaps you could better focus on the subject of the message and eventually take some advice from it.

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I have a question I am looking for help on.

 

Has someone found a reliable indicator, or combination of indicators, or some other way, that from their personal trading experience can tell if an intra day direction change is a trend change as opposed to a retracement?

 

My advice ... is this: Dedicate yourself to removing all indicators from you chart and spend two and half months really focusing on learning to read price action. If, after two and half months of studying price you are still unable to trade profitably, then you either do not have the ability to read price (which is doubtful, even a child can tell up from down from sideways), or (and this is more likely) you are psychologically unfit for trading, and you must seek to understand how your fear is controlling your trading rather than your knowledge of price action, and learn then to control your fear.

 

You asked a question, and you asked us to base our answers on our own personal trading experience. I provided you with advice, based upon my own experience, that I wish someone would have given me many years ago when I was looking for an indicator with just such capabilities as that for which you currently seek. I stand by it. I think it sound. It was friendly advice, and not a demand. If you find it of no value, or incredible, that is fine.

 

By the way, I do find both your recent behavior, as well as the targets you selected at whom to direct your ire rather curious. I trust you believe that you may have found what you have been looking for, and I wish you well with your journey.

 

Best Wishes,

 

Thales

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Retracements often are less steep than the trend (but not always).

Retracements tend to have diminishing volume where trends tend to have increasing volume (but not always).

Retracements may have 2 'legs' (there is a retracement within the retracement) (but not always).

Retracements often turn into ranges at the end of a trend (but not always).

Retracements should not break the last 'swing point' of the trend or the trend may be over (but not always)

 

The important thing is being able to recognise what is happening. If you cant recognise then a set of 'rules' might help. Numerous people have provided 'frameworks' to do this. Probably the simplest to apply consistently are those based on plain price action.

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I have a question I am looking for help on.

 

Has someone found a reliable indicator, or combination of indicators, or some other way, that from their personal trading experience can tell if an intra day direction change is a trend change as opposed to a retracement?

 

To explain my question further, some days the first leg is down, it retraces, and then the second leg is down, that is Leg2 is in the same direction as Leg1. On other days, the first leg is down and then it reverses trend and the remainder of the day is an uptrend.

 

I have included a 5 min chart of Friday 24 July 2009 for the ESU9 (S&P emini Sep 09) contract, as an example (all times are CT).

 

From 972 at 8:40am it fell to 962.50 at 9:56 (marked point A). From A it rose to 971 at 10:59 or +8.5 pts in 63 min (point B). A to B I am calling Leg1.

 

Next it retrace to 968.75 at 12:05 or –2.25 pts in 66 mins (point C). Then it rises to 979 @ 15:14 or +10.25 in 189 mins (point D). From C to D I am calling Leg2.

 

In this example point A marks a Trend Change with the balance of the day now upward.

 

So in reference to this graph, my question is:

“At point A is there a way to tell that the balance of the day will be up?”

In other words:

“Is there a way to tell if point A will be marking the beginning of a retracement, that the next leg after the retracement will be down, that is in the same direction as 972 to 962.50, or is it a intra day trend change?”

 

I would note that one book waits until it has risen from A and it continues to rise beyond 61.8% or 968.25 and if it does then a trend change has taken place and the rise is not a retracement. (972-962.5 = 9.5*.618 = 5.75+962.5 =>968.25 = 61.8%.) I am looking for an answer at point A so this “if it retraces more than 61.8% it is a trend change” is not the answer I am looking for.

 

Thank-you to all.

 

Try to understand the market behaviour in terms of exhaustion rather than change of trend ,,, When price exhausts @ Certain LEVEL then direction changes ... price exhaustion is the back bone of any auction market. Most quantitative Algo's including the one used in our Bank uses exhaustion theories

 

Grey1

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Try to understand the market behaviour in terms of exhaustion rather than change of trend ,,, When price exhausts @ Certain LEVEL then direction changes ... price exhaustion is the back bone of any auction market. Most quantitative Algo's including the one used in our Bank uses exhaustion theories

 

Grey1

 

Thank-you for sharing this Grey. I appreciate your insight.

 

I would certainly agree with your statement. What measures do you suggest to measure price exhaustion?

 

Is it cumulative volume within a specific time parameter of the exhaustion price? For example, in a volume spike at a key price point if the last 3 minutes of volume exceeds the average volume by a factor of x do we have a price exhaustion?

 

thanks again,

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