Jump to content

Welcome to the new Traders Laboratory! Please bear with us as we finish the migration over the next few days. If you find any issues, want to leave feedback, get in touch with us, or offer suggestions please post to the Support forum here.

  • Welcome Guests

    Welcome. You are currently viewing the forum as a guest which does not give you access to all the great features at Traders Laboratory such as interacting with members, access to all forums, downloading attachments, and eligibility to win free giveaways. Registration is fast, simple and absolutely free. Create a FREE Traders Laboratory account here.

Recommended Posts

Traders who sell index calls are betting that the market prices of the index's underlying assets will fall. The strategy involves writing a call that's linked to a stock market index. The underlying index plays the same role as an asset does in options trading. Investors settle all index options in cash and there are no assignments of assets. When traders sell index calls, they predict that the index option will expire out-of the money. The profit potential and risk involved when using this strategy varies. Traders selling index calls limited their profits to the amount that they receive in premiums when selling a call. On the contrary, the loss-risk potential is unlimited, since any stock index can rise to as much as demand permits.

 

Moneyness Review for Calls

 

Out-of-The Money (OTM) = Strike price (more than) Market Price

In-The-Money (ITM) = Strike price (less than) Market Price

At-The-Money (ATM) Strike price (equals) Market Price

 

Understanding Index Options and Regular Options

 

Selling an index option functions the same way as in selling a regular option. The difference is that the underlying assets associated with index options are many compared to just the one underlying asset that's associated with a regular stock option.

Example: The NASDAQ is worth $4000 and its index option, NASX (Index Option), is valued at $400 (1/100 of the NASDAQ).

 

How to Sell Index Calls (ATM)

 

attachment.php?attachmentid=29140&stc=1&d=1338118975

 

The NASDAQ is worth $4000 (market price) in June.

1) Trader sells an index call option: NASXDec400 ($4.50)

- One NASDAQ index option with a contract multiplier of $100

- Strike Price $400, at-the-money (ATM), expiring in 180 days

- Premium Cost of $4.50

2) Trader receives $450 for the sale (100 x $4.50 (premium cost)).

Total credit to enter the market: $450

 

Result one: NASX rises to $420 (ITM) in December.

a) The call option sold expires ITM. The buyer exercises his or her right to buy 100 shares at $40.

b) The difference between the option's strike price and the NASX is $20 (NASX: $420 - strike price:$400). There is no assignment of assets, so the trader uses the contract multiplier (CM) to figure the cash settlement.

c) The trader pays the buyer $2000 [100 (CM) x $20 (difference in prices)]. Adding the $450 credit received when entering the market reduces the trader's total loss to $1550.

 

Result two: NASX falls to $380 (OTM) in December.

a) The buyer lets the option expire and does not exercise the right to buy.

b) The buyer loses the premiums paid to the trader to enter the market. In this example, the trader keeps the $450 credit, which is the maximum profit for this type of trade.

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Selling Index Calls:

 

Pluses: The upside to selling index calls is that the trader can enter the market without paying cash. He or she receives a credit, keeping the premium when the index option expires worthless and using the credit to offset losses in a bull market.

 

Minuses: The downside in selling index calls is that it limits a trader's profits to only the amount received when entering the market. If the market value of the underlying index bottoms out, the trader could not capitalize on the short sale. Also, the potential loss-risk in a selling call index is infinite, since any index could theoretically rise as much as its supply permits.

index-short-call.gif.4398a1fa1ff368d76dd22d441ff07434.gif

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now

  • Similar Content

    • By Ninjatrader_Staff
      Options on futures are now available to trade through NinjaTrader Brokerage! This expansion allows options traders to save on their trades with NinjaTrader’s deep discount commissions and benefit from industry-leading support.
      Why Trade Options on Futures with NinjaTrader Brokerage?
      ·  Discount Pricing: Save on trades with simple low rates
      ·  Span Margins: Real-time portfolio margining
      ·  Low Minimum: Open your account with only $1000
      In addition to the FREE NinjaTrader platform included with all brokerage accounts, traders will also have access to the CQG Desktop web-based platform to trade options on futures.
      ·  Current Clients: Contact Brokerage Support to start trading options on futures
      ·  New Clients: Open Your Brokerage Account
      Let Us Know How We Can Help
      Contact our brokerage team at 312.262.1289 to discuss how NinjaTrader’s solutions can be customized for both new & experienced traders.

      Futures, foreign currency and options trading contains substantial risk and is not for every investor. An investor could potentially lose all or more than the initial investment. Risk capital is money that can be lost without jeopardizing ones financial security or lifestyle. Only risk capital should be used for trading and only those with sufficient risk capital should consider trading. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results. View Full Risk Disclosure.
    • By fuqs
      Let's assume I was able to imply dividends from liquid options for the next 3 years, but I want to price an option expiring in the 4rd year from now. How would practitioners normally extrapolate implied dividends? From what i've observed there is a significant risk premium in implied dividends far out (implied divs are sold at discount). Actually the dividend term structure is declining. Therefore probably it makes more sense to extrapolate implied dividend rather than historical growth
    • By ChimpTrader
      Could you suggest any understandable read on this topic?
      My advanced mathematical grasp is very limited, hoping for something comprehensible. Any author who took the pain to explain it step-by-step from basics to advanced.
      Thank you!
    • By NoobTrader
      I have been learning binary options and crypto trading for a little bit now. Its difficult to find a strategy that works best for me because there is a endless amount of them. What is the way that you found the strategy that worked for you or fit your trading style??
      I have been trying alot of different ones but cant seem to find one that benefits me and its the most frustrating thing.
    • By mbarcala
      hi, I'm new to forums in general and I would like to know If there is a way that after several candles whether up or down movement "red or green" (Min of 2 candles and max 4 or 6 candles or more) crossing the 20 dma, have a formula to insert a dot on top of the 20 dma
  • Topics

  • Posts

    •   Date : 21st February 2019.

      MACRO EVENTS & NEWS OF 21st February 2019.



      FX News Today Asian equities initially rallied after Fed minutes promised patience on further policy action but most have moved down from earlier highs. Hopes that the US and China are nearing a deal on trade have risen after an unnamed source cited by Reuters said the two sides have started to outline commitments in principle in what is described as the most significant progress yet. The JPY225 closed with a gain of just 0.15%, while the Topix was unchanged from yesterday. The Hang Seng is up 0.03% and mainland China indices are also little changed. The AUS200 outperformed and rallied 0.70%, after better than expected jobs data. US futures are stronger after Reuters reports outlined progress in US-Sino trade talks and European futures are also moving higher. The March WTI futures are trading at USD 57.33 per barrel. Charts of the Day


      Main Macro Events Today EU PMIs – EU Manufacturing PMI is expected to have declined to 50.3 in February, compared to 50.5 last month, dangerously close to the 50 threshold. Services PMI is expected to have increased to 51.4, compared to 51.2 in January, hence pushing the overall Composite PMI higher to 51.1, compared to 51.0 in the previous month. Philly Fed Index – The Philly Fed Manufacturing Index is expected to have declined to 14, compared to 17 in January, still registering a positive effect. Durable Goods – Durable goods are expected to come out registering positive growth for December, compared to negative for November. US PMIs – Manufacturing is expected to have declined in the US, similar to the EU, reaching 54.7 compared to 54.9 last month, while Services are expected to have slightly grown to 54.3 compared to 54.2 in January. Existing Home Sales – Home Sales are expected to have remained at more or less the same levels, at 5M, compared to 4.99M last month. CB Leading Index – The Conference Board Index is expected to have shown a 0.1% m/m increase in January, compared to the 0.1% m/m contraction in December. Support and Resistance
       
      Always trade with strict risk management. Your capital is the single most important aspect of your trading business.

      Please note that times displayed based on local time zone and are from time of writing this report.

      Click HERE to access the full HotForex Economic calendar.

      Want to learn to trade and analyse the markets? Join our webinars and get analysis and trading ideas combined with better understanding on how markets work. Click HERE to register for FREE!

      Click HERE to READ more Market news.

      Andria Pichidi
      Market Analyst
      HotForex

      Disclaimer: This material is provided as a general marketing communication for information purposes only and does not constitute an independent investment research. Nothing in this communication contains, or should be considered as containing, an investment advice or an investment recommendation or a solicitation for the purpose of buying or selling of any financial instrument. All information provided is gathered from reputable sources and any information containing an indication of past performance is not a guarantee or reliable indicator of future performance. Users acknowledge that any investment in FX and CFDs products is characterized by a certain degree of uncertainty and that any investment of this nature involves a high level of risk for which the users are solely responsible and liable. We assume no liability for any loss arising from any investment made based on the information provided in this communication. This communication must not be reproduced or further distributed without our prior written permission.
    • hello everyone, lets all have a good 2019  best of luck to all.a good start so far. and hoping for more good news in the future
    • Ethereum (ETH) Daily Price Forecast – February 20 ETH/USD Medium-term Trend: Bullish ·         Resistance Levels: $240, $250, $260 ·         Support Levels: $140, $130, $120 Yesterday, February 19, the price of Ethereum was in a bullish trend. The crypto’s price was trading at $151.68 when the crypto was resisted. The crypto was resisted at the $150 price level and the price fell to the support of the 12-day EMA. The bullish trend has been terminated but the ETH price is trading at  $145.76 as at the time of writing. On the upside, the crypto’s price will rise if crypto’s price is sustained above the EMAs while the bulls break the $150 price level. Meanwhile, the MACD line and the signal line are above the zero line which indicates a buy signal. Also, the crypto’s price is above the 12-day EMA and the 26-day EMA which indicates that price is likely to rise. ETH/USD Short-term Trend: Bullish On the 1-hour chart, the crypto's price is in a bullish trend zone. The previous bullish trend has been terminated as price made a downward fall. The ETH price has fallen to the support of the $140 price level and the bulls are expected to defend the support level. On the downside, if the bears break the $140 price level, the crypto will further depreciate.
      Meanwhile, the MACD line and the signal are above the zero line which indicates a buy signal. Also, the crypto’s price is below the EMAs which indicate that price is likely to fall.     The views and opinions expressed here do not reflect that of BitcoinExchangeGuide.com and do not constitute financial advice. Always do your own research.                                                                                                                 Top of Form                             Source: www.bitcoinexchangeguide.com
    •   Date : 20th February 2019.

      MACRO EVENTS & NEWS OF 20th February 2019.



      FX News Today Bund yields lower in opening trade, Equity markets mostly higher in Asia. Stock markets in Asia remained underpinned by hopes of a US-Sino trade deal. Wall Street closed higher, helped by positive earnings at Walmart Inc. Fresh. President Trump meanwhile suggested that March 1 tariff deadline is not cast in stone, so there is hope that further tariffs can be avoided. Japan’s exports fell 8.4% in January, while imports declined 0.6% y/y. The contraction in exports seems consistent with escalating concern that Japan’s export sector will be dented this year by global trade frictions and the slowing in China’s economy. The Yuan lifted after a Bloomberg report saying the US was looking for a pledge from China that it will not devalue its yuan currency as part of the trade deal. USDJPY has climbed to 110.91 from 110.60, amid cautious risk-on theme WTI crude edged out fresh 3-month high of $56.77. Charts of the Day


      Main Macro Events Today Juncker and May meet for another round of crunch talks in Brussels today. EU Consumer Confidence – The overall Eurozone number Consumer Price Index (M/M) on course to be confirmed at 1.4% y/y. FOMC minutes – The focus turns on the FOMC minutes to the January 29, 30 policy meeting as we look to glean more information on the Fed’s pivot to a more dovish point of view, even as rates were left unchanged. We did get a glimpse from Chairman Powell’s press conference, where he noted tighter financial conditions, along with tame inflation. And he said the onus is on price pressures to force a rate move. Australian labour data – The unemployment rate is seen holding steady at 5.0%. Support and Resistance

      Always trade with strict risk management. Your capital is the single most important aspect of your trading business.

      Please note that times displayed based on local time zone and are from time of writing this report.

      Click HERE to access the full HotForex Economic calendar.

      Want to learn to trade and analyse the markets? Join our webinars and get analysis and trading ideas combined with better understanding on how markets work. Click HERE to register for FREE!

      Click HERE to READ more Market news.

      Andria Pichidi
      Market Analyst
      HotForex

      Disclaimer: This material is provided as a general marketing communication for information purposes only and does not constitute an independent investment research. Nothing in this communication contains, or should be considered as containing, an investment advice or an investment recommendation or a solicitation for the purpose of buying or selling of any financial instrument. All information provided is gathered from reputable sources and any information containing an indication of past performance is not a guarantee or reliable indicator of future performance. Users acknowledge that any investment in FX and CFDs products is characterized by a certain degree of uncertainty and that any investment of this nature involves a high level of risk for which the users are solely responsible and liable. We assume no liability for any loss arising from any investment made based on the information provided in this communication. This communication must not be reproduced or further distributed without our prior written permission.
    • Forex trading is a genuine business and in that capacity ought to be moved toward like one. Obviously there are a chosen few traders who begun without a FX training and have turned out to be fruitful .
×

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.